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Feature Statistic Turkey

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
967A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
796A.ADM3third-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a second-order administrative division
81A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
14A.ADM1Hhistorical first-order administrative divisiona former first-order administrative division
2A.ADM4fourth-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a third-order administrative division
1A.ADMDHhistorical administrative division a former administrative division of a political entity, undifferentiated as to administrative level
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
1.862 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
3.325H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
456H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
432H.STMIintermittent stream
207H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
168H.BAYbaya coastal indentation between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
112H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
59H.STMXsection of stream
47H.WLLwella cylindrical hole, pit, or tunnel drilled or dug down to a depth from which water, oil, or gas can be pumped or brought to the surface
45H.HBRharbor(s)a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships
24H.SPNThot spring(s)a place where hot ground water flows naturally out of the ground
22H.MRSHmarsh(es)a wetland dominated by grass-like vegetation
22H.LKIintermittent lake
18H.COVEcove(s)a small coastal indentation, smaller than a bay
18H.STRTstraita relatively narrow waterway, usually narrower and less extensive than a sound, connecting two larger bodies of water
15H.GULFgulfa large recess in the coastline, larger than a bay
14H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
11H.LGNlagoona shallow coastal waterbody, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
8H.RVNravine(s)a small, narrow, deep, steep-sided stream channel, smaller than a gorge
8H.STMMstream mouth(s)a place where a stream discharges into a lagoon, lake, or the sea
7H.SHOLshoal(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
7H.RFreef(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
6H.CHNchannelthe deepest part of a stream, bay, lagoon, or strait, through which the main current flows
6H.FLLSwaterfall(s)a perpendicular or very steep descent of the water of a stream
6H.INLTinleta narrow waterway extending into the land, or connecting a bay or lagoon with a larger body of water
5H.LKSlakeslarge inland bodies of standing water
5H.STMCcanalized streama stream that has been substantially ditched, diked, or straightened
4H.DCKdock(s)a waterway between two piers, or cut into the land for the berthing of ships
4H.RSVTwater tanka contained pool or tank of water at, below, or above ground level
2H.CHNMmarine channelthat part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable
2H.POOLpool(s)a small and comparatively still, deep part of a larger body of water such as a stream or harbor; or a small body of standing water
2H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
2H.STMSstreamsbodies of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
2H.FLTTtidal flat(s)a large flat area of mud or sand attached to the shore and alternately covered and uncovered by the tide
2H.LKNsalt lakean inland body of salt water with no outlet
2H.SWMPswampa wetland dominated by tree vegetation
1H.CNLXsection of canal
1H.ESTYestuarya funnel-shaped stream mouth or embayment where fresh water mixes with sea water under tidal influences
1H.STMAanabrancha diverging branch flowing out of a main stream and rejoining it downstream
1H.RDSTroadsteadan open anchorage affording less protection than a harbor
1H.FLTMmud flat(s)a relatively level area of mud either between high and low tide lines, or subject to flooding
1H.MFGNsalt evaporation pondsdiked salt ponds used in the production of solar evaporated salt
1H.BNKbank(s)an elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for most surface navigation
5.082 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
268L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
65L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
44L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
27L.GRAZgrazing areaan area of grasses and shrubs used for grazing
26L.INDSindustrial areaan area characterized by industrial activity
16L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
6L.DEVHhousing developmenta tract of land on which many houses of similar design are built according to a development plan
6L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
5L.OILFoilfieldan area containing a subterranean store of petroleum of economic value
4L.FLDfield(s)an open as opposed to wooded area
3L.RESWwildlife reservea tract of public land reserved for the preservation of wildlife
2L.CSTcoasta zone of variable width straddling the shoreline
1L.MNAmining areaan area of mine sites where minerals and ores are extracted
1L.RESreservea tract of public land reserved for future use or restricted as to use
1L.RGNLlake regiona tract of land distinguished by numerous lakes
1L.RGNHhistorical regiona former historic area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
1L.RESFforest reservea forested area set aside for preservation or controlled use
1L.RGNEeconomic regiona region of a country established for economic development or for statistical purposes
1L.BSNDdrainage basinan area drained by a stream
1L.AGRCagricultural colonya tract of land set aside for agricultural settlement
480 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
48.345P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
1.031P.PPLXsection of populated place
797P.PPLA2seat of a second-order administrative division
667P.PPLA3seat of a third-order administrative division
80P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
26P.PPLHhistorical populated placea populated place that no longer exists
16P.PPLWdestroyed populated placea village, town or city destroyed by a natural disaster, or by war
9P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
2P.PPLFfarm villagea populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
2P.PPLSpopulated placescities, towns, villages, or other agglomerations of buildings where people live and work
2P.PPLQabandoned populated place
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
1P.PPLRreligious populated placea populated place whose population is largely engaged in religious occupations
50.979 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
14R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
2R.TNLtunnela subterranean passageway for transportation
1R.RYDrailroad yarda system of tracks used for the making up of trains, and switching and storing freight cars
1R.RDAancient roadthe remains of a road used by ancient cultures
1R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
19 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
4.069S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
397S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
366S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
240S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
218S.DAMdama barrier constructed across a stream to impound water
158S.CAVEcave(s)an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff
96S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
79S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
69S.ANSarchaeological/prehistoric sitea place where archeological remains, old structures, or cultural artifacts are located
50S.MLmill(s)a building housing machines for transforming, shaping, finishing, grinding, or extracting products
48S.CSTMcustoms housea building in a port where customs and duties are paid, and where vessels are entered and cleared
47S.CSTLcastlea large fortified building or set of buildings
43S.TOWRtowera high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter
41S.PPpolice posta building in which police are stationed
39S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
34S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
32S.MSQEmosquea building for public Islamic worship
27S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
24S.SQRsquarea broad, open, public area near the center of a town or city
24S.SHRNshrinea structure or place memorializing a person or religious concept
22S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
22S.SCHCcollegethe grounds and buildings of an institution of higher learning
22S.ADMFadministrative facilitya government building
20S.LDNGlandinga place where boats receive or discharge passengers and freight, but lacking most port facilities
19S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
19S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
18S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
18S.TMBtomb(s)a structure for interring bodies
13S.LTHSElighthousea distinctive structure exhibiting a major navigation light
12S.MFGfactoryone or more buildings where goods are manufactured, processed or fabricated
11S.FTforta defensive structure or earthworks
10S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
9S.ATHFathletic fielda tract of land used for playing team sports, and athletic track and field events
9S.CHchurcha building for public Christian worship
9S.INSMmilitary installationa facility for use of and control by armed forces
8S.MNmine(s)a site where mineral ores are extracted from the ground by excavating surface pits and subterranean passages
8S.TRANTtransit terminalfacilities for the handling of vehicular freight and passengers
7S.CTRMmedical centera complex of health care buildings including two or more of the following: hospital, medical school, clinic, pharmacy, doctor's offices, etc.
7S.GRVEgravea burial site
6S.PALpalacea large stately house, often a royal or presidential residence
6S.MLWTRwater milla mill powered by running water
6S.HSTShistorical sitea place of historical importance
6S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
6S.MALLmallA large, often enclosed shopping complex containing various stores, businesses, and restaurants usually accessible by common passageways.
5S.PRNprisona facility for confining prisoners
5S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
5S.STBLstablea building for the shelter and feeding of farm animals, especially horses
4S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
4S.SCHTtechnical schoolpost-secondary school with a specifically technical or vocational curriculum
4S.PSTBborder posta post or station at an international boundary for the regulation of movement of people and goods
4S.MSTYmonasterya building and grounds where a community of monks lives in seclusion
4S.RECRracetracka track where races are held
3S.AIRBairbasean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for air force personnel, hangars and runways for aircraft, and from which operations are initiated
3S.PIERpiera structure built out into navigable water on piles providing berthing for ships and recreation
3S.GATEgatea controlled access entrance or exit
3S.MARmarinaa harbor facility for small boats, yachts, etc.
3S.SPAspaa resort area usually developed around a medicinal spring
2S.AIRFairfielda place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
2S.GDNgarden(s)an enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life
2S.RHSEresthousea structure maintained for the rest and shelter of travelers
2S.RESTrestaurantA place where meals are served to the public
2S.WALLAancient wallthe remains of a linear defensive stone structure
2S.ZOOzooa zoological garden or park where wild animals are kept for exhibition
2S.MNQRquarry(-ies)a surface mine where building stone or gravel and sand, etc. are extracted
2S.WHRFwharf(-ves)a structure of open rather than solid construction along a shore or a bank which provides berthing for ships and cargo-handling facilities
2S.ITTRresearch institutea facility where research is carried out
1S.PSHhydroelectric power stationa building where electricity is generated from water power
1S.AMTHamphitheateran oval or circular structure with rising tiers of seats about a stage or open space
1S.BUSTNbus stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading passengers
1S.MNCcoal mine(s)a mine where coal is extracted
1S.CTRCMcommunity centera facility for community recreation and other activities
1S.SNTRsanatoriuma facility where victims of physical or mental disorders are treated
1S.THTRtheaterA building, room, or outdoor structure for the presentation of plays, films, or other dramatic performances
1S.TRMOoil pipeline terminala tank farm or loading facility at the end of an oil pipeline
1S.STNMmeteorological stationa station at which weather elements are recorded
1S.AIRQabandoned airfield
1S.AGRFagricultural facilitya building and/or tract of land used for improving agriculture
1S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
1S.CTRRreligious centera facility where more than one religious activity is carried out, e.g., retreat, school, monastery, worship
1S.RSTPrailroad stopa place lacking station facilities where trains stop to pick up and unload passengers and freight
1S.MFGSGsugar refinerya facility for converting raw sugar into refined sugar
1S.CTHSEcourthousea building in which courts of law are held
1S.WEIRweir(s)a small dam in a stream, designed to raise the water level or to divert stream flow through a desired channel
1S.AIRHheliporta place where helicopters land and take off
1S.SCHNmaritime schoola school at which maritime sciences form the core of the curriculum
6.482 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
3.822T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
1.114T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
569T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
401T.SPURspur(s)a subordinate ridge projecting outward from a hill, mountain or other elevation
309T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
295T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
262T.PASSpassa break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap]
250T.PLNplain(s)an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area
141T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
101T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
69T.UPLDuplandan extensive interior region of high land with low to moderate surface relief
64T.SLPslope(s)a surface with a relatively uniform slope angle
62T.MNDmound(s)a low, isolated, rounded hill
48T.GRGEgorge(s)a short, narrow, steep-sided section of a stream valley
46T.ISLSislandstracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
34T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
27T.CAPEcapea land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction
22T.PENpeninsulaan elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water
19T.RKSrocksconspicuous, isolated rocky masses
19T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
16T.BCHbeacha shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
13T.PLATplateauan elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams
11T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
6T.CLFcliff(s)a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area
5T.DPRdepression(s)a low area surrounded by higher land and usually characterized by interior drainage
4T.PROMpromontory(-ies)a bluff or prominent hill overlooking or projecting into a lowland
3T.SCRPescarpmenta long line of cliffs or steep slopes separating level surfaces above and below
3T.ISLTland-tied islanda coastal island connected to the mainland by barrier beaches, levees or dikes
2T.LAVAlava areaan area of solidified lava
2T.FORDforda shallow part of a stream which can be crossed on foot or by land vehicle
2T.DSRTdeserta large area with little or no vegetation due to extreme environmental conditions
1T.CRTRcrater(s)a generally circular saucer or bowl-shaped depression caused by volcanic or meteorite explosive action
1T.VLCvolcanoa conical elevation composed of volcanic materials with a crater at the top
1T.CNYNcanyona deep, narrow valley with steep sides cutting into a plateau or mountainous area
1T.SANDsand areaa tract of land covered with sand
1T.TRRterracea long, narrow alluvial platform bounded by steeper slopes above and below, usually overlooking a waterbody
1T.KRSTkarst areaa distinctive landscape developed on soluble rock such as limestone characterized by sinkholes, caves, disappearing streams, and underground drainage
1T.SDLsaddlea broad, open pass crossing a ridge or between hills or mountains
1T.DLTAdeltaa flat plain formed by alluvial deposits at the mouth of a stream
7.749 Total for T
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
12V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
9V.VINvineyarda planting of grapevines
8V.OCHorchard(s)a planting of fruit or nut trees
7V.MDWmeadowa small, poorly drained area dominated by grassy vegetation
36 Total for V

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