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Feature Statistic Russia

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
884A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
804A.ADM3third-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a second-order administrative division
484A.ADMDadministrative divisionan administrative division of a country, undifferentiated as to administrative level
233A.ADM4fourth-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a third-order administrative division
83A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
1A.ADM1Hhistorical first-order administrative divisiona former first-order administrative division
2.490 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
52.969H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
15.679H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
3.192H.RVNravine(s)a small, narrow, deep, steep-sided stream channel, smaller than a gorge
1.830H.SWMPswampa wetland dominated by tree vegetation
1.487H.BAYbaya coastal indentation between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
1.232H.STMIintermittent stream
747H.LKNsalt lakean inland body of salt water with no outlet
704H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
698H.LKOoxbow lakea crescent-shaped lake commonly found adjacent to meandering streams
653H.MRSHmarsh(es)a wetland dominated by grass-like vegetation
586H.LKSlakeslarge inland bodies of standing water
567H.CHNchannelthe deepest part of a stream, bay, lagoon, or strait, through which the main current flows
396H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
332H.WLLwella cylindrical hole, pit, or tunnel drilled or dug down to a depth from which water, oil, or gas can be pumped or brought to the surface
268H.STRTstraita relatively narrow waterway, usually narrower and less extensive than a sound, connecting two larger bodies of water
256H.INLTinleta narrow waterway extending into the land, or connecting a bay or lagoon with a larger body of water
245H.STMAanabrancha diverging branch flowing out of a main stream and rejoining it downstream
215H.LGNlagoona shallow coastal waterbody, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
209H.BNKbank(s)an elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for most surface navigation
188H.FLLSwaterfall(s)a perpendicular or very steep descent of the water of a stream
167H.GLCRglacier(s)a mass of ice, usually at high latitudes or high elevations, with sufficient thickness to flow away from the source area in lobes, tongues, or masses
153H.SHOLshoal(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
126H.STMDdistributary(-ies)a branch which flows away from the main stream, as in a delta or irrigation canal
125H.RPDSrapidsa turbulent section of a stream associated with a steep, irregular stream bed
117H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
105H.DTCHditcha small artificial watercourse dug for draining or irrigating the land
103H.GULFgulfa large recess in the coastline, larger than a bay
99H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
85H.LKIintermittent lake
82H.COVEcove(s)a small coastal indentation, smaller than a bay
58H.RDSTroadsteadan open anchorage affording less protection than a harbor
46H.HBRharbor(s)a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships
38H.FISHfishing areaa fishing ground, bank or area where fishermen go to catch fish
24H.LKXsection of lake
23H.STMXsection of stream
22H.LKNIintermittent salt lake
21H.DTCHIirrigation ditcha ditch which serves to distribute irrigation water
18H.ESTYestuarya funnel-shaped stream mouth or embayment where fresh water mixes with sea water under tidal influences
17H.STMCcanalized streama stream that has been substantially ditched, diked, or straightened
13H.RFreef(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
10H.ANCHanchoragean area where vessels may anchor
9H.PNDSFfishpondsponds or enclosures in which fish are kept or raised
8H.CHNLlake channel(s)that part of a lake having water deep enough for navigation between islands, shoals, etc.
6H.BOGbog(s)a wetland characterized by peat forming sphagnum moss, sedge, and other acid-water plants
6H.LKOIintermittent oxbow lake
6H.STMBstream benda conspicuously curved or bent segment of a stream
6H.STMQabandoned watercoursea former stream or distributary no longer carrying flowing water, but still evident due to lakes, wetland, topographic or vegetation patterns
5H.LBEDlake bed(s)a dried up or drained area of a former lake
4H.BGHTbight(s)an open body of water forming a slight recession in a coastline
4H.CHNNnavigation channela buoyed channel of sufficient depth for the safe navigation of vessels
4H.SEAseaa large body of salt water more or less confined by continuous land or chains of islands forming a subdivision of an ocean
4H.STMSBlost rivera surface stream that disappears into an underground channel, or dries up in an arid area
3H.BNKRstream banka sloping margin of a stream channel which normally confines the stream to its channel on land
3H.SDsounda long arm of the sea forming a channel between the mainland and an island or islands; or connecting two larger bodies of water
2H.DOMGicecap domea comparatively elevated area on an icecap
2H.RCHreacha straight section of a navigable stream or channel between two bends
2H.SPNSsulphur spring(s)a place where sulphur ground water flows naturally out of the ground
2H.STMMstream mouth(s)a place where a stream discharges into a lagoon, lake, or the sea
2H.SPNThot spring(s)a place where hot ground water flows naturally out of the ground
2H.SYSIirrigation systema network of ditches and one or more of the following elements: water supply, reservoir, canal, pump, well, drain, etc.
1H.CNLAaqueducta conduit used to carry water
1H.MOORmoor(s)an area of open ground overlaid with wet peaty soils
1H.CNLBcanal benda conspicuously curved or bent section of a canal
1H.CRNTcurrenta horizontal flow of water in a given direction with uniform velocity
1H.PNDIintermittent pond
1H.CHNMmarine channelthat part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable
1H.MRSHNsalt marsha flat area, subject to periodic salt water inundation, dominated by grassy salt-tolerant plants
1H.LKSNsalt lakesinland bodies of salt water with no outlet
1H.STMHheadwatersthe source and upper part of a stream, including the upper drainage basin
83.994 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
9.414L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
467L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
77L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
42L.RESreservea tract of public land reserved for future use or restricted as to use
38L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
35L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
30L.RESNnature reservean area reserved for the maintenance of a natural habitat
25L.RESFforest reservea forested area set aside for preservation or controlled use
19L.CSTcoasta zone of variable width straddling the shoreline
18L.CLGclearingan area in a forest with trees removed
12L.PEATpeat cutting areaan area where peat is harvested
8L.COLFcoalfielda region in which coal deposits of possible economic value occur
6L.RESHhunting reservea tract of land used primarily for hunting
6L.RESVreservationa tract of land set aside for aboriginal, tribal, or native populations
5L.RESWwildlife reservea tract of public land reserved for the preservation of wildlife
3L.GASFgasfieldan area containing a subterranean store of natural gas of economic value
2L.GRAZgrazing areaan area of grasses and shrubs used for grazing
2L.OILFoilfieldan area containing a subterranean store of petroleum of economic value
1L.FLDfield(s)an open as opposed to wooded area
1L.DEVHhousing developmenta tract of land on which many houses of similar design are built according to a development plan
1L.LANDarctic landa tract of land in the Arctic
10.212 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
188.367P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
9.490P.PPLQabandoned populated place
2.669P.PPLXsection of populated place
111P.PPLA2seat of a second-order administrative division
81P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
31P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
31P.PPLWdestroyed populated placea village, town or city destroyed by a natural disaster, or by war
23P.PPLHhistorical populated placea populated place that no longer exists
3P.PPLA4seat of a fourth-order administrative division
2P.PPLFfarm villagea populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
200.809 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
175R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
9R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
6R.RYDrailroad yarda system of tracks used for the making up of trains, and switching and storing freight cars
3R.TNLtunnela subterranean passageway for transportation
3R.RRrailroada permanent twin steel-rail track on which freight and passenger cars move long distances
3R.TRLtraila path, track, or route used by pedestrians, animals, or off-road vehicles
1R.OILPoil pipelinea pipeline used for transporting oil
200 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
5.424S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
4.605S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
3.786S.RSTPrailroad stopa place lacking station facilities where trains stop to pick up and unload passengers and freight
1.837S.LDNGlandinga place where boats receive or discharge passengers and freight, but lacking most port facilities
1.259S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
1.005S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
887S.RSDrailroad sidinga short track parallel to and joining the main track
807S.TRIGtriangulation stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by triangulation
754S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
703S.HUThuta small primitive house
463S.PSTPpatrol posta post from which patrols are sent out
387S.BRKSbarracksa building for lodging military personnel
371S.CRRLcorral(s)a pen or enclosure for confining or capturing animals
269S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
269S.TOWRtowera high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter
267S.BCNbeacona fixed artificial navigation mark
186S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
184S.CMPLlogging campa camp used by loggers
166S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
144S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
138S.STNFforest stationa collection of buildings and facilities for carrying out forest management
118S.RSGNLrailroad signala signal at the entrance of a particular section of track governing the movement of trains
84S.POpost officea public building in which mail is received, sorted and distributed
81S.SNTRsanatoriuma facility where victims of physical or mental disorders are treated
77S.MNmine(s)a site where mineral ores are extracted from the ground by excavating surface pits and subterranean passages
68S.GRVEgravea burial site
66S.HSPCclinica medical facility associated with a hospital for outpatients
62S.SCHCcollegethe grounds and buildings of an institution of higher learning
56S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
55S.MKTmarketa place where goods are bought and sold at regular intervals
55S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
54S.ADMFadministrative facilitya government building
49S.MNMTmonumenta commemorative structure or statue
45S.MFGfactoryone or more buildings where goods are manufactured, processed or fabricated
43S.CHchurcha building for public Christian worship
43S.LTHSElighthousea distinctive structure exhibiting a major navigation light
40S.STNBscientific research basea scientific facility used as a base from which research is carried out or monitored
40S.SQRsquarea broad, open, public area near the center of a town or city
40S.SCHTtechnical schoolpost-secondary school with a specifically technical or vocational curriculum
35S.CMPQabandoned camp
35S.FRMQabandoned farm
34S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
32S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
32S.STNMmeteorological stationa station at which weather elements are recorded
30S.GDNgarden(s)an enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life
29S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
29S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
27S.CAVEcave(s)an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff
21S.MFGCcannerya building where food items are canned
20S.MNQRquarry(-ies)a surface mine where building stone or gravel and sand, etc. are extracted
18S.COMCcommunication centera facility, including buildings, antennae, towers and electronic equipment for receiving and transmitting information
17S.NSYnursery(-ies)a place where plants are propagated for transplanting or grafting
14S.AGRFagricultural facilitya building and/or tract of land used for improving agriculture
12S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
12S.CTHSEcourthousea building in which courts of law are held
12S.PMPOoil pumping stationa facility for pumping oil through a pipeline
11S.LOCKlock(s)a basin in a waterway with gates at each end by means of which vessels are passed from one water level to another
11S.SCHAagricultural schoola school with a curriculum focused on agriculture
9S.ATHFathletic fielda tract of land used for playing team sports, and athletic track and field events
9S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
9S.MNQabandoned mine
8S.FTforta defensive structure or earthworks
8S.PSHhydroelectric power stationa building where electricity is generated from water power
8S.OILJoil pipeline junctiona section of an oil pipeline where two or more pipes join together
7S.BANKbankA business establishment in which money is kept for saving or commercial purposes or is invested, supplied for loans, or exchanged.
7S.JTYjettya structure built out into the water at a river mouth or harbor entrance to regulate currents and silting
7S.MNCcoal mine(s)a mine where coal is extracted
7S.MSTYmonasterya building and grounds where a community of monks lives in seclusion
7S.SPAspaa resort area usually developed around a medicinal spring
6S.AIRFairfielda place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
6S.RETstorea building where goods and/or services are offered for sale
6S.PIERpiera structure built out into navigable water on piles providing berthing for ships and recreation
6S.PMPWwater pumping stationa facility for pumping water from a major well or through a pipeline
6S.RHSEresthousea structure maintained for the rest and shelter of travelers
6S.STNRradio stationa facility for producing and transmitting information by radio waves
6S.THTRtheaterA building, room, or outdoor structure for the presentation of plays, films, or other dramatic performances
5S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
5S.CSTMcustoms housea building in a port where customs and duties are paid, and where vessels are entered and cleared
4S.AIRQabandoned airfield
4S.DARYdairya facility for the processing, sale and distribution of milk or milk products
4S.CTRMmedical centera complex of health care buildings including two or more of the following: hospital, medical school, clinic, pharmacy, doctor's offices, etc.
4S.MALLmallA large, often enclosed shopping complex containing various stores, businesses, and restaurants usually accessible by common passageways.
4S.PPpolice posta building in which police are stationed
4S.SHSEstorehousea building for storing goods, especially provisions
3S.AIRBairbasean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for air force personnel, hangars and runways for aircraft, and from which operations are initiated
3S.ASTRastronomical stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by observations of celestial bodies
3S.MLSWsawmilla mill where logs or lumber are sawn to specified shapes and sizes
3S.INSMmilitary installationa facility for use of and control by armed forces
3S.MSQEmosquea building for public Islamic worship
3S.MLmill(s)a building housing machines for transforming, shaping, finishing, grinding, or extracting products
2S.ANSarchaeological/prehistoric sitea place where archeological remains, old structures, or cultural artifacts are located
2S.CTRCMcommunity centera facility for community recreation and other activities
2S.GATEgatea controlled access entrance or exit
2S.ITTRresearch institutea facility where research is carried out
2S.OBSobservatorya facility equipped for observation of atmospheric or space phenomena
2S.PALpalacea large stately house, often a royal or presidential residence
2S.SHRNshrinea structure or place memorializing a person or religious concept
2S.RECRracetracka track where races are held
2S.RKRYrookerya breeding place of a colony of birds or seals
2S.RSTNQabandoned railroad station
2S.TRANTtransit terminalfacilities for the handling of vehicular freight and passengers
2S.WHRFwharf(-ves)a structure of open rather than solid construction along a shore or a bank which provides berthing for ships and cargo-handling facilities
1S.ARCHarcha natural or man-made structure in the form of an arch
1S.BLDOoffice buildingcommercial building where business and/or services are conducted
1S.BUSTNbus stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading passengers
1S.HUTShutssmall primitive houses
1S.DPOFfuel depotan area where fuel is stored
1S.DIKEdikean earth or stone embankment usually constructed for flood or stream control
1S.CSNOcasinoa building used for entertainment, especially gambling
1S.CTRSspace centera facility for launching, tracking, or controlling satellites and space vehicles
1S.GOSPgas-oil separator planta facility for separating gas from oil
1S.DIPdiplomatic facilityoffice, residence, or facility of a foreign government, which may include an embassy, consulate, chancery, office of charge d'affaires, or other diplomatic, economic, military, or cultural mission
1S.DAMdama barrier constructed across a stream to impound water
1S.ESTestate(s)a large commercialized agricultural landholding with associated buildings and other facilities
1S.CTRAatomic centera facility where atomic research is carried out
1S.CTRRreligious centera facility where more than one religious activity is carried out, e.g., retreat, school, monastery, worship
1S.HSTShistorical sitea place of historical importance
1S.PSTBborder posta post or station at an international boundary for the regulation of movement of people and goods
1S.FRMSfarmstracts of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
1S.MLWTRwater milla mill powered by running water
1S.MTROmetro stationmetro station (Underground, Tube, or Metro)
1S.STNEexperiment stationa facility for carrying out experiments
1S.STBLstablea building for the shelter and feeding of farm animals, especially horses
1S.QUAYquaya structure of solid construction along a shore or bank which provides berthing for ships and which generally provides cargo handling facilities
1S.RSTPQabandoned railroad stop
1S.TMBtomb(s)a structure for interring bodies
1S.SLCEsluicea conduit or passage for carrying off surplus water from a waterbody, usually regulated by means of a sluice gate
1S.SCHMmilitary schoola school at which military science forms the core of the curriculum
1S.WTRWwaterworksa facility for supplying potable water through a water source and a system of pumps and filtration beds
1S.WALLwalla thick masonry structure, usually enclosing a field or building, or forming the side of a structure
1S.PPQabandoned police post
1S.TMPLtemple(s)an edifice dedicated to religious worship
25.652 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
8.851T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
3.677T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
2.395T.CAPEcapea land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction
2.131T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
1.443T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
1.183T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
579T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
469T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
427T.PASSpassa break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap]
393T.ISLSislandstracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
357T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
310T.GRGEgorge(s)a short, narrow, steep-sided section of a stream valley
269T.PENpeninsulaan elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water
263T.MNDmound(s)a low, isolated, rounded hill
263T.SANDsand areaa tract of land covered with sand
140T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
136T.VLCvolcanoa conical elevation composed of volcanic materials with a crater at the top
125T.UPLDuplandan extensive interior region of high land with low to moderate surface relief
74T.SPITspita narrow, straight or curved continuation of a beach into a waterbody
67T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
65T.CLFcliff(s)a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area
54T.DPRdepression(s)a low area surrounded by higher land and usually characterized by interior drainage
43T.PLNplain(s)an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area
42T.RKSrocksconspicuous, isolated rocky masses
19T.BARbara shallow ridge or mound of coarse unconsolidated material in a stream channel, at the mouth of a stream, estuary, or lagoon and in the wave-break zone along coasts
14T.SBEDdry stream beda channel formerly containing the water of a stream
11T.ISTHisthmusa narrow strip of land connecting two larger land masses and bordered by water
8T.PLATplateauan elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams
6T.SLPslope(s)a surface with a relatively uniform slope angle
5T.FORDforda shallow part of a stream which can be crossed on foot or by land vehicle
3T.BUTEbutte(s)a small, isolated, usually flat-topped hill with steep sides
3T.BCHbeacha shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
2T.ISLTland-tied islanda coastal island connected to the mainland by barrier beaches, levees or dikes
2T.DLTAdeltaa flat plain formed by alluvial deposits at the mouth of a stream
2T.TRRterracea long, narrow alluvial platform bounded by steeper slopes above and below, usually overlooking a waterbody
2T.DUNEdune(s)a wave form, ridge or star shape feature composed of sand
1T.LEVleveea natural low embankment bordering a distributary or meandering stream; often built up artificially to control floods
1T.CRQcirquea bowl-like hollow partially surrounded by cliffs or steep slopes at the head of a glaciated valley
1T.CRTRcrater(s)a generally circular saucer or bowl-shaped depression caused by volcanic or meteorite explosive action
1T.SCRPescarpmenta long line of cliffs or steep slopes separating level surfaces above and below
23.837 Total for T
Undersea Features (undersea)
19U.SHLUshoala surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
2U.TRGUtrougha long depression of the sea floor characteristically flat bottomed and steep sided, and normally shallower than a trench
2U.RFSUreefssurface-navigation hazards composed of consolidated material
2U.BKSUbankselevations, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for safe surface navigation
1U.SHSUshoalshazards to surface navigation composed of unconsolidated material
1U.PLTUplateaua comparatively flat-topped feature of considerable extent, dropping off abruptly on one or more sides
1U.DEPUdeepa localized deep area within the confines of a larger feature, such as a trough, basin or trench
1U.RFUreefa surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
1U.RISUrisea broad elevation that rises gently, and generally smoothly, from the sea floor
1U.TRNUtrencha long, narrow, characteristically very deep and asymmetrical depression of the sea floor, with relatively steep sides
1U.BSNUbasina depression more or less equidimensional in plan and of variable extent
1U.BNKUbankan elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for safe surface navigation
33 Total for U
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
366V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
9V.GRSLDgrasslandan area dominated by grass vegetation
7V.MDWmeadowa small, poorly drained area dominated by grassy vegetation
4V.TUNDtundraa marshy, treeless, high latitude plain, dominated by mosses, lichens, and low shrub vegetation under permafrost conditions
386 Total for V

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