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Feature Statistic Portugal

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
4.260A.ADM3third-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a second-order administrative division
308A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
20A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
16A.ADMDadministrative divisionan administrative division of a country, undifferentiated as to administrative level
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
1A.ADM1Hhistorical first-order administrative divisiona former first-order administrative division
4.606 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
3.807H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
125H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
78H.BAYbaya coastal indentation between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
60H.CRKTtidal creek(s)a meandering channel in a coastal wetland subject to bi-directional tidal currents
56H.SHOLshoal(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
38H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
32H.COVEcove(s)a small coastal indentation, smaller than a bay
21H.CHNMmarine channelthat part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable
20H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
18H.MRSHmarsh(es)a wetland dominated by grass-like vegetation
13H.LGNlagoona shallow coastal waterbody, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
12H.RFreef(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
11H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
7H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
6H.STMQabandoned watercoursea former stream or distributary no longer carrying flowing water, but still evident due to lakes, wetland, topographic or vegetation patterns
6H.HBRharbor(s)a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships
5H.INLTinleta narrow waterway extending into the land, or connecting a bay or lagoon with a larger body of water
4H.SWMPswampa wetland dominated by tree vegetation
3H.STMAanabrancha diverging branch flowing out of a main stream and rejoining it downstream
3H.ESTYestuarya funnel-shaped stream mouth or embayment where fresh water mixes with sea water under tidal influences
3H.BNKbank(s)an elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for most surface navigation
3H.STMMstream mouth(s)a place where a stream discharges into a lagoon, lake, or the sea
3H.DTCHditcha small artificial watercourse dug for draining or irrigating the land
3H.LKSlakeslarge inland bodies of standing water
2H.CNFLconfluencea place where two or more streams or intermittent streams flow together
2H.LKCcrater lakea lake in a crater or caldera
2H.STMXsection of stream
2H.CNLAaqueducta conduit used to carry water
1H.GULFgulfa large recess in the coastline, larger than a bay
1H.STMCcanalized streama stream that has been substantially ditched, diked, or straightened
1H.LGNSlagoonsshallow coastal waterbodies, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
1H.BOGbog(s)a wetland characterized by peat forming sphagnum moss, sedge, and other acid-water plants
1H.FLLSwaterfall(s)a perpendicular or very steep descent of the water of a stream
1H.STMIintermittent stream
1H.MFGNsalt evaporation pondsdiked salt ponds used in the production of solar evaporated salt
1H.RDSTroadsteadan open anchorage affording less protection than a harbor
1H.DCKdock(s)a waterway between two piers, or cut into the land for the berthing of ships
4.354 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
11L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
6L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
4L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
3L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
3L.AMUSamusement parkAmusement Park are theme parks, adventure parks offering entertainment, similar to funfairs but with a fix location
2L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
2L.RESNnature reservean area reserved for the maintenance of a natural habitat
1L.RESAagricultural reservea tract of land reserved for agricultural reclamation and/or development
1L.RESFforest reservea forested area set aside for preservation or controlled use
1L.CTRBbusiness centera place where a number of businesses are located
34 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
16.233P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
228P.PPLA2seat of a second-order administrative division
46P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
37P.PPLXsection of populated place
19P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
8P.PPLA3seat of a third-order administrative division
3P.PPLQabandoned populated place
2P.PPLSpopulated placescities, towns, villages, or other agglomerations of buildings where people live and work
1P.PPLFfarm villagea populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
1P.PPLRreligious populated placea populated place whose population is largely engaged in religious occupations
16.579 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
28R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
6R.TRLtraila path, track, or route used by pedestrians, animals, or off-road vehicles
4R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
2R.RRrailroada permanent twin steel-rail track on which freight and passenger cars move long distances
40 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
2.733S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
168S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
61S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
39S.FTforta defensive structure or earthworks
36S.TOWRtowera high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter
35S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
27S.FRMSfarmstracts of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
27S.CHchurcha building for public Christian worship
23S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
22S.TRIGtriangulation stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by triangulation
14S.ANSarchaeological/prehistoric sitea place where archeological remains, old structures, or cultural artifacts are located
13S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
11S.SQRsquarea broad, open, public area near the center of a town or city
11S.LDNGlandinga place where boats receive or discharge passengers and freight, but lacking most port facilities
10S.RSTPrailroad stopa place lacking station facilities where trains stop to pick up and unload passengers and freight
9S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
9S.HSTShistorical sitea place of historical importance
9S.WTRWwaterworksa facility for supplying potable water through a water source and a system of pumps and filtration beds
9S.LTHSElighthousea distinctive structure exhibiting a major navigation light
8S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
7S.PALpalacea large stately house, often a royal or presidential residence
6S.RECGgolf coursea recreation field where golf is played
6S.MALLmallA large, often enclosed shopping complex containing various stores, businesses, and restaurants usually accessible by common passageways.
6S.CSTLcastlea large fortified building or set of buildings
5S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
5S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
4S.MNMTmonumenta commemorative structure or statue
4S.CAVEcave(s)an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff
3S.RLGRretreata place of temporary seclusion, especially for religious groups
3S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
3S.MKTmarketa place where goods are bought and sold at regular intervals
3S.WALLAancient wallthe remains of a linear defensive stone structure
3S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
3S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
3S.MLWNDwindmilla mill or water pump powered by wind
3S.RECRracetracka track where races are held
3S.AIRHheliporta place where helicopters land and take off
3S.MARmarinaa harbor facility for small boats, yachts, etc.
3S.GDNgarden(s)an enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life
2S.OBSobservatorya facility equipped for observation of atmospheric or space phenomena
2S.BCNbeacona fixed artificial navigation mark
2S.MLWTRwater milla mill powered by running water
2S.OBPTobservation pointa wildlife or scenic observation point
2S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
2S.CSNOcasinoa building used for entertainment, especially gambling
2S.TMBtomb(s)a structure for interring bodies
2S.RESTrestaurantA place where meals are served to the public
2S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
2S.DAMdama barrier constructed across a stream to impound water
2S.STNBscientific research basea scientific facility used as a base from which research is carried out or monitored
1S.CTHSEcourthousea building in which courts of law are held
1S.DCKYdockyarda facility for servicing, building, or repairing ships
1S.ADMFadministrative facilitya government building
1S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
1S.LIBRlibraryA place in which information resources such as books are kept for reading, reference, or lending.
1S.COMCcommunication centera facility, including buildings, antennae, towers and electronic equipment for receiving and transmitting information
1S.DAMQruined dama destroyed or decayed dam which is no longer functional
1S.BTYDboatyarda waterside facility for servicing, repairing, and building small vessels
1S.MTROmetro stationmetro station (Underground, Tube, or Metro)
1S.MSTYmonasterya building and grounds where a community of monks lives in seclusion
1S.THTRtheaterA building, room, or outdoor structure for the presentation of plays, films, or other dramatic performances
1S.AIRBairbasean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for air force personnel, hangars and runways for aircraft, and from which operations are initiated
1S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
1S.ITTRresearch institutea facility where research is carried out
1S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
1S.FYferrya boat or other floating conveyance and terminal facilities regularly used to transport people and vehicles across a waterbody
1S.STBLstablea building for the shelter and feeding of farm animals, especially horses
1S.MNmine(s)a site where mineral ores are extracted from the ground by excavating surface pits and subterranean passages
1S.BLDOoffice buildingcommercial building where business and/or services are conducted
1S.ESTestate(s)a large commercialized agricultural landholding with associated buildings and other facilities
1S.HERMhermitagea secluded residence, usually for religious sects
1S.PSHhydroelectric power stationa building where electricity is generated from water power
1S.CTRFfacility centera place where more than one facility is situated
1S.RLGreligious sitean ancient site of significant religious importance
1S.POpost officea public building in which mail is received, sorted and distributed
1S.ZOOzooa zoological garden or park where wild animals are kept for exhibition
1S.SHRNshrinea structure or place memorializing a person or religious concept
1S.HSECcountry housea large house, mansion, or chateau, on a large estate
1S.MNQabandoned mine
1S.OPRAopera houseA theater designed chiefly for the performance of operas.
1S.RNCHranch(es)a large farm specializing in extensive grazing of livestock
1S.HMSDhomesteada residence, owner's or manager's, on a sheep or cattle station, woolshed, outcamp, or Aboriginal outstation, specific to Australia and New Zealand
1S.AIRFairfielda place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
1S.HSPCclinica medical facility associated with a hospital for outpatients
3.406 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
797T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
611T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
376T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
147T.BCHbeacha shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
108T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
99T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
85T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
63T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
62T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
40T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
28T.RKSrocksconspicuous, isolated rocky masses
28T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
27T.SLPslope(s)a surface with a relatively uniform slope angle
12T.CAPEcapea land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction
11T.ISLSislandstracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
10T.PASSpassa break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap]
9T.UPLDuplandan extensive interior region of high land with low to moderate surface relief
7T.DUNEdune(s)a wave form, ridge or star shape feature composed of sand
6T.ISLETisletsmall island, bigger than rock, smaller than island.
6T.CLDAcalderaa depression measuring kilometers across formed by the collapse of a volcanic mountain
5T.BARbara shallow ridge or mound of coarse unconsolidated material in a stream channel, at the mouth of a stream, estuary, or lagoon and in the wave-break zone along coasts
5T.PLNplain(s)an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area
5T.CLFcliff(s)a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area
3T.HDLDheadlanda high projection of land extending into a large body of water beyond the line of the coast
3T.CONEcone(s)a conical landform composed of mud or volcanic material
2T.PLATplateauan elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams
2T.GAPgapa low place in a ridge, not used for transportation
1T.ISTHisthmusa narrow strip of land connecting two larger land masses and bordered by water
1T.PENpeninsulaan elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water
1T.CRTRcrater(s)a generally circular saucer or bowl-shaped depression caused by volcanic or meteorite explosive action
1T.GRGEgorge(s)a short, narrow, steep-sided section of a stream valley
2.561 Total for T
Undersea Features (undersea)
2U.SHLUshoala surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
2 Total for U
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
80V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
80 Total for V

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