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Feature Statistic Italy

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
8.070A.ADM3third-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a second-order administrative division
110A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
40A.ADM3Hhistorical third-order administrative divisiona former third-order administrative division
20A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
4A.ADM1Hhistorical first-order administrative divisiona former first-order administrative division
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
1A.PCLHhistorical political entitya former political entity
1A.ADMDHhistorical administrative division a former administrative division of a political entity, undifferentiated as to administrative level
8.247 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
2.086H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
264H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
262H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
95H.COVEcove(s)a small coastal indentation, smaller than a bay
72H.BAYbaya coastal indentation between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
59H.LGNlagoona shallow coastal waterbody, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
42H.GULFgulfa large recess in the coastline, larger than a bay
41H.HBRharbor(s)a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships
32H.SHOLshoal(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
29H.CNLDdrainage canalan artificial waterway carrying water away from a wetland or from drainage ditches
23H.STMMstream mouth(s)a place where a stream discharges into a lagoon, lake, or the sea
22H.DTCHditcha small artificial watercourse dug for draining or irrigating the land
18H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
16H.INLTinleta narrow waterway extending into the land, or connecting a bay or lagoon with a larger body of water
16H.MRSHmarsh(es)a wetland dominated by grass-like vegetation
13H.CNLIirrigation canala canal which serves as a main conduit for irrigation water
12H.DCKdock(s)a waterway between two piers, or cut into the land for the berthing of ships
10H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
7H.ANCHanchoragean area where vessels may anchor
7H.DCKBdocking basina part of a harbor where ships dock
7H.CHNchannelthe deepest part of a stream, bay, lagoon, or strait, through which the main current flows
6H.LKSlakeslarge inland bodies of standing water
6H.GLCRglacier(s)a mass of ice, usually at high latitudes or high elevations, with sufficient thickness to flow away from the source area in lobes, tongues, or masses
5H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
5H.CHNMmarine channelthat part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable
5H.RDSTroadsteadan open anchorage affording less protection than a harbor
5H.STMXsection of stream
5H.STMIintermittent stream
5H.STRTstraita relatively narrow waterway, usually narrower and less extensive than a sound, connecting two larger bodies of water
4H.RVNravine(s)a small, narrow, deep, steep-sided stream channel, smaller than a gorge
4H.SWMPswampa wetland dominated by tree vegetation
3H.CHNNnavigation channela buoyed channel of sufficient depth for the safe navigation of vessels
3H.ESTYestuarya funnel-shaped stream mouth or embayment where fresh water mixes with sea water under tidal influences
3H.WLLwella cylindrical hole, pit, or tunnel drilled or dug down to a depth from which water, oil, or gas can be pumped or brought to the surface
2H.HBRXsection of harbor
2H.FJDfjorda long, narrow, steep-walled, deep-water arm of the sea at high latitudes, usually along mountainous coasts
2H.FLLSwaterfall(s)a perpendicular or very steep descent of the water of a stream
1H.CNLNnavigation canal(s)a watercourse constructed for navigation of vessels
1H.DTCHDdrainage ditcha ditch which serves to drain the land
1H.MRSHNsalt marsha flat area, subject to periodic salt water inundation, dominated by grassy salt-tolerant plants
1H.FISHfishing areaa fishing ground, bank or area where fishermen go to catch fish
1H.MFGNsalt evaporation pondsdiked salt ponds used in the production of solar evaporated salt
1H.PNDNsalt ponda small standing body of salt water often in a marsh or swamp, usually along a seacoast
1H.BNKbank(s)an elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for most surface navigation
1H.RSVTwater tanka contained pool or tank of water at, below, or above ground level
1H.STMCcanalized streama stream that has been substantially ditched, diked, or straightened
3.207 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
79L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
74L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
65L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
48L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
21L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
15L.RESNnature reservean area reserved for the maintenance of a natural habitat
8L.CSTcoasta zone of variable width straddling the shoreline
7L.INDSindustrial areaan area characterized by industrial activity
5L.RESWwildlife reservea tract of public land reserved for the preservation of wildlife
4L.AMUSamusement parkAmusement Park are theme parks, adventure parks offering entertainment, similar to funfairs but with a fix location
3L.GRAZgrazing areaan area of grasses and shrubs used for grazing
3L.FLDfield(s)an open as opposed to wooded area
2L.NVBnaval basean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for troops and naval personnel, a port for naval vessels, and from which operations are initiated
2L.SALTsalt areaa shallow basin or flat where salt accumulates after periodic inundation
2L.RGNEeconomic regiona region of a country established for economic development or for statistical purposes
1L.AGRCagricultural colonya tract of land set aside for agricultural settlement
1L.GVLgravel areaan area covered with gravel
1L.CMNcommona park or pasture for community use
1L.RNGAartillery rangea tract of land used for artillery firing practice
342 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
49.769P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
8.260P.PPLA3seat of a third-order administrative division
3.352P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
369P.PPLXsection of populated place
96P.PPLA2seat of a second-order administrative division
19P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
16P.PPLQabandoned populated place
6P.PPLWdestroyed populated placea village, town or city destroyed by a natural disaster, or by war
6P.PPLFfarm villagea populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
3P.PPLRreligious populated placea populated place whose population is largely engaged in religious occupations
2P.PPLSpopulated placescities, towns, villages, or other agglomerations of buildings where people live and work
2P.PPLHhistorical populated placea populated place that no longer exists
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
1P.PPLGseat of government of a political entity
61.902 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
34R.RYDrailroad yarda system of tracks used for the making up of trains, and switching and storing freight cars
10R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
7R.RJCTrailroad junctiona place where two or more railroad tracks join
7R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
4R.RRrailroada permanent twin steel-rail track on which freight and passenger cars move long distances
3R.RDJCTroad junctiona place where two or more roads join
2R.TNLRRrailroad tunnela tunnel through which a railroad passes
2R.TNLtunnela subterranean passageway for transportation
1R.PRMNpromenadea place for public walking, usually along a beach front
1R.RDAancient roadthe remains of a road used by ancient cultures
71 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
13.273S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
440S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
309S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
286S.CHchurcha building for public Christian worship
255S.TOWRtowera high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter
136S.ANSarchaeological/prehistoric sitea place where archeological remains, old structures, or cultural artifacts are located
134S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
132S.HUThuta small primitive house
106S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
87S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
77S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
60S.CSTLcastlea large fortified building or set of buildings
55S.STNMmeteorological stationa station at which weather elements are recorded
49S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
46S.SQRsquarea broad, open, public area near the center of a town or city
40S.MSTYmonasterya building and grounds where a community of monks lives in seclusion
39S.PALpalacea large stately house, often a royal or presidential residence
38S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
36S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
34S.HSPCclinica medical facility associated with a hospital for outpatients
31S.FTforta defensive structure or earthworks
30S.RESTrestaurantA place where meals are served to the public
28S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
28S.QUAYquaya structure of solid construction along a shore or bank which provides berthing for ships and which generally provides cargo handling facilities
25S.BUSTPbus stopa place lacking station facilities
24S.RSTPrailroad stopa place lacking station facilities where trains stop to pick up and unload passengers and freight
23S.MNMTmonumenta commemorative structure or statue
21S.HSTShistorical sitea place of historical importance
21S.AIRFairfielda place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
20S.PIERpiera structure built out into navigable water on piles providing berthing for ships and recreation
18S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
18S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
17S.CAVEcave(s)an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff
17S.RECRracetracka track where races are held
16S.MALLmallA large, often enclosed shopping complex containing various stores, businesses, and restaurants usually accessible by common passageways.
15S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
15S.LTHSElighthousea distinctive structure exhibiting a major navigation light
15S.GDNgarden(s)an enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life
14S.MTROmetro stationmetro station (Underground, Tube, or Metro)
14S.MOLEmolea massive structure of masonry or large stones serving as a pier or breakwater
14S.THTRtheaterA building, room, or outdoor structure for the presentation of plays, films, or other dramatic performances
13S.ITTRresearch institutea facility where research is carried out
13S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
11S.WHRFwharf(-ves)a structure of open rather than solid construction along a shore or a bank which provides berthing for ships and cargo-handling facilities
11S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
11S.LIBRlibraryA place in which information resources such as books are kept for reading, reference, or lending.
11S.PKLTparking lotan area used for parking vehicles
10S.BRKWbreakwatera structure erected to break the force of waves at the entrance to a harbor or port
10S.CVNTconventa building where a community of nuns lives in seclusion
10S.SHRNshrinea structure or place memorializing a person or religious concept
9S.GATEgatea controlled access entrance or exit
9S.BUSTNbus stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading passengers
9S.MLmill(s)a building housing machines for transforming, shaping, finishing, grinding, or extracting products
9S.RECGgolf coursea recreation field where golf is played
8S.INSMmilitary installationa facility for use of and control by armed forces
7S.ESTestate(s)a large commercialized agricultural landholding with associated buildings and other facilities
7S.AIRQabandoned airfield
7S.AMTHamphitheateran oval or circular structure with rising tiers of seats about a stage or open space
7S.CTRRreligious centera facility where more than one religious activity is carried out, e.g., retreat, school, monastery, worship
7S.FRMTfarmsteadthe buildings and adjacent service areas of a farm
6S.SPAspaa resort area usually developed around a medicinal spring
6S.TMBtomb(s)a structure for interring bodies
5S.MARmarinaa harbor facility for small boats, yachts, etc.
5S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
5S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
5S.MKTmarketa place where goods are bought and sold at regular intervals
5S.LNDFlandfilla place for trash and garbage disposal in which the waste is buried between layers of earth to build up low-lying land
5S.RLGreligious sitean ancient site of significant religious importance
5S.OBPTobservation pointa wildlife or scenic observation point
4S.MSSNmissiona place characterized by dwellings, school, church, hospital and other facilities operated by a religious group for the purpose of providing charitable services and to propagate religion
4S.MFGfactoryone or more buildings where goods are manufactured, processed or fabricated
4S.ARCHarcha natural or man-made structure in the form of an arch
4S.AIRHheliporta place where helicopters land and take off
4S.GHSEguest housea house used to provide lodging for paying guests
3S.TRIGtriangulation stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by triangulation
3S.RSTNQabandoned railroad station
3S.RSDrailroad sidinga short track parallel to and joining the main track
3S.RETstorea building where goods and/or services are offered for sale
3S.HSECcountry housea large house, mansion, or chateau, on a large estate
3S.ATHFathletic fielda tract of land used for playing team sports, and athletic track and field events
3S.DIKEdikean earth or stone embankment usually constructed for flood or stream control
3S.DAMdama barrier constructed across a stream to impound water
3S.MNQRquarry(-ies)a surface mine where building stone or gravel and sand, etc. are extracted
3S.OPRAopera houseA theater designed chiefly for the performance of operas.
3S.TMPLtemple(s)an edifice dedicated to religious worship
2S.WALLwalla thick masonry structure, usually enclosing a field or building, or forming the side of a structure
2S.WALLAancient wallthe remains of a linear defensive stone structure
2S.STNRradio stationa facility for producing and transmitting information by radio waves
2S.SHSEstorehousea building for storing goods, especially provisions
2S.COMCcommunication centera facility, including buildings, antennae, towers and electronic equipment for receiving and transmitting information
2S.ADMFadministrative facilitya government building
2S.BLDOoffice buildingcommercial building where business and/or services are conducted
2S.FYferrya boat or other floating conveyance and terminal facilities regularly used to transport people and vehicles across a waterbody
2S.BURburial cave(s)a cave used for human burials
2S.DCKYdockyarda facility for servicing, building, or repairing ships
2S.CTRCMcommunity centera facility for community recreation and other activities
2S.CSTMcustoms housea building in a port where customs and duties are paid, and where vessels are entered and cleared
2S.GRVEgravea burial site
2S.PPpolice posta building in which police are stationed
2S.ZOOzooa zoological garden or park where wild animals are kept for exhibition
1S.PMPWwater pumping stationa facility for pumping water from a major well or through a pipeline
1S.RSTPQabandoned railroad stop
1S.RSGNLrailroad signala signal at the entrance of a particular section of track governing the movement of trains
1S.SCHMmilitary schoola school at which military science forms the core of the curriculum
1S.NSYnursery(-ies)a place where plants are propagated for transplanting or grafting
1S.STBLstablea building for the shelter and feeding of farm animals, especially horses
1S.STNFforest stationa collection of buildings and facilities for carrying out forest management
1S.OILTtank farma tract of land occupied by large, cylindrical, metal tanks in which oil or liquid petrochemicals are stored
1S.HUTShutssmall primitive houses
1S.CSNOcasinoa building used for entertainment, especially gambling
1S.FRMQabandoned farm
1S.CTRMmedical centera complex of health care buildings including two or more of the following: hospital, medical school, clinic, pharmacy, doctor's offices, etc.
1S.ASTRastronomical stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by observations of celestial bodies
1S.AIRBairbasean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for air force personnel, hangars and runways for aircraft, and from which operations are initiated
1S.AGRFagricultural facilitya building and/or tract of land used for improving agriculture
1S.GOVLlocal government officea facility housing local governmental offices, usually a city, town, or village hall
1S.CTHSEcourthousea building in which courts of law are held
1S.DAMQruined dama destroyed or decayed dam which is no longer functional
1S.DIPdiplomatic facilityoffice, residence, or facility of a foreign government, which may include an embassy, consulate, chancery, office of charge d'affaires, or other diplomatic, economic, military, or cultural mission
1S.LDNGlandinga place where boats receive or discharge passengers and freight, but lacking most port facilities
1S.MNmine(s)a site where mineral ores are extracted from the ground by excavating surface pits and subterranean passages
1S.MLWTRwater milla mill powered by running water
1S.MNCRchrome mine(s)a mine where chrome ore is extracted
1S.OBSobservatorya facility equipped for observation of atmospheric or space phenomena
1S.PRNprisona facility for confining prisoners
1S.SWTsewage treatment plantfacility for the processing of sewage and/or wastewater
1S.RHSEresthousea structure maintained for the rest and shelter of travelers
1S.POpost officea public building in which mail is received, sorted and distributed
16.393 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
2.854T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
2.387T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
543T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
395T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
391T.PASSpassa break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap]
224T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
207T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
122T.CAPEcapea land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction
91T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
45T.PLNplain(s)an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area
43T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
34T.PKSpeakspointed elevations atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic features
29T.BCHbeacha shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
19T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
15T.RKSrocksconspicuous, isolated rocky masses
14T.ISLSislandstracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
14T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
9T.VLCvolcanoa conical elevation composed of volcanic materials with a crater at the top
8T.UPLDuplandan extensive interior region of high land with low to moderate surface relief
5T.GAPgapa low place in a ridge, not used for transportation
5T.BCHSbeachesa shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
4T.PROMpromontory(-ies)a bluff or prominent hill overlooking or projecting into a lowland
4T.PENpeninsulaan elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water
4T.SLPslope(s)a surface with a relatively uniform slope angle
3T.CLFcliff(s)a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area
3T.ISLETisletsmall island, bigger than rock, smaller than island.
2T.KRSTkarst areaa distinctive landscape developed on soluble rock such as limestone characterized by sinkholes, caves, disappearing streams, and underground drainage
2T.DPRdepression(s)a low area surrounded by higher land and usually characterized by interior drainage
2T.DLTAdeltaa flat plain formed by alluvial deposits at the mouth of a stream
2T.BARbara shallow ridge or mound of coarse unconsolidated material in a stream channel, at the mouth of a stream, estuary, or lagoon and in the wave-break zone along coasts
2T.SDLsaddlea broad, open pass crossing a ridge or between hills or mountains
2T.PLATplateauan elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams
2T.SPURspur(s)a subordinate ridge projecting outward from a hill, mountain or other elevation
1T.LAVAlava areaan area of solidified lava
1T.GRGEgorge(s)a short, narrow, steep-sided section of a stream valley
1T.CRQcirquea bowl-like hollow partially surrounded by cliffs or steep slopes at the head of a glaciated valley
1T.HDLDheadlanda high projection of land extending into a large body of water beyond the line of the coast
1T.SPITspita narrow, straight or curved continuation of a beach into a waterbody
7.491 Total for T
Undersea Features (undersea)
1U.PKSUpeaksprominent elevations, part of a larger feature, either pointed or of very limited extent across the summit
1U.SHLUshoala surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
2 Total for U
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
16V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
5V.VINvineyarda planting of grapevines
2V.SCRBscrublandan area of low trees, bushes, and shrubs stunted by some environmental limitation
2V.TREEtree(s)a conspicuous tree used as a landmark
1V.MDWmeadowa small, poorly drained area dominated by grassy vegetation
1V.GRVOolive grovea planting of olive trees
27 Total for V

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