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Feature Statistic Iceland

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
219A.ADMDadministrative divisionan administrative division of a country, undifferentiated as to administrative level
74A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
13A.ADM1Hhistorical first-order administrative divisiona former first-order administrative division
8A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
3A.ADM2Hhistorical second-order administrative divisiona former second-order administrative division
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
1A.ADM4fourth-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a third-order administrative division
320 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
1.091H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
605H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
184H.COVEcove(s)a small coastal indentation, smaller than a bay
177H.BOGbog(s)a wetland characterized by peat forming sphagnum moss, sedge, and other acid-water plants
103H.FLLSwaterfall(s)a perpendicular or very steep descent of the water of a stream
99H.BAYbaya coastal indentation between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
92H.RFreef(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
89H.FJDfjorda long, narrow, steep-walled, deep-water arm of the sea at high latitudes, usually along mountainous coasts
77H.LKSlakeslarge inland bodies of standing water
47H.BNKbank(s)an elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for most surface navigation
46H.GLCRglacier(s)a mass of ice, usually at high latitudes or high elevations, with sufficient thickness to flow away from the source area in lobes, tongues, or masses
38H.LGNlagoona shallow coastal waterbody, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
35H.RVNravine(s)a small, narrow, deep, steep-sided stream channel, smaller than a gorge
26H.INLTinleta narrow waterway extending into the land, or connecting a bay or lagoon with a larger body of water
25H.CHNMmarine channelthat part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable
22H.SHOLshoal(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
22H.STMHheadwatersthe source and upper part of a stream, including the upper drainage basin
20H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
18H.STMMstream mouth(s)a place where a stream discharges into a lagoon, lake, or the sea
17H.CAPGicecapa dome-shaped mass of glacial ice covering an area of mountain summits or other high lands; smaller than an ice sheet
10H.BGHTbight(s)an open body of water forming a slight recession in a coastline
6H.HBRharbor(s)a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships
5H.DOMGicecap domea comparatively elevated area on an icecap
5H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
5H.STMAanabrancha diverging branch flowing out of a main stream and rejoining it downstream
4H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
3H.CHNchannelthe deepest part of a stream, bay, lagoon, or strait, through which the main current flows
3H.LBEDlake bed(s)a dried up or drained area of a former lake
3H.STMDdistributary(-ies)a branch which flows away from the main stream, as in a delta or irrigation canal
2H.ANCHanchoragean area where vessels may anchor
2H.ESTYestuarya funnel-shaped stream mouth or embayment where fresh water mixes with sea water under tidal influences
2H.DPRGicecap depressiona comparatively depressed area on an icecap
2H.OVFoverfallsan area of breaking waves caused by the meeting of currents or by waves moving against the current
2H.RPDSrapidsa turbulent section of a stream associated with a steep, irregular stream bed
2H.SDsounda long arm of the sea forming a channel between the mainland and an island or islands; or connecting two larger bodies of water
2H.STMQabandoned watercoursea former stream or distributary no longer carrying flowing water, but still evident due to lakes, wetland, topographic or vegetation patterns
1H.CRKTtidal creek(s)a meandering channel in a coastal wetland subject to bi-directional tidal currents
1H.CHNNnavigation channela buoyed channel of sufficient depth for the safe navigation of vessels
1H.RDGGicecap ridgea linear elevation on an icecap
1H.CRNTcurrenta horizontal flow of water in a given direction with uniform velocity
1H.FLTTtidal flat(s)a large flat area of mud or sand attached to the shore and alternately covered and uncovered by the tide
1H.GYSRgeysera type of hot spring with intermittent eruptions of jets of hot water and steam
1H.LKCcrater lakea lake in a crater or caldera
1H.STRTstraita relatively narrow waterway, usually narrower and less extensive than a sound, connecting two larger bodies of water
1H.STMCcanalized streama stream that has been substantially ditched, diked, or straightened
2.900 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
178L.GRAZgrazing areaan area of grasses and shrubs used for grazing
6L.CSTcoasta zone of variable width straddling the shoreline
4L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
3L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
3L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
3L.RGNHhistorical regiona former historic area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
1L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
198 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
95P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
6P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
3P.PPLHhistorical populated placea populated place that no longer exists
2P.PPLFfarm villagea populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
1P.PPLXsection of populated place
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
108 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
1R.TNLRDroad tunnela tunnel through which a road passes
1R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
1R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
3 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
4.636S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
401S.FRMQabandoned farm
173S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
162S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
40S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
30S.POpost officea public building in which mail is received, sorted and distributed
13S.HUThuta small primitive house
11S.CHchurcha building for public Christian worship
9S.HSTShistorical sitea place of historical importance
6S.FRMSfarmstracts of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
5S.CAVEcave(s)an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff
5S.CTRFfacility centera place where more than one facility is situated
5S.TOWRtowera high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter
4S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
4S.HSECcountry housea large house, mansion, or chateau, on a large estate
4S.LTHSElighthousea distinctive structure exhibiting a major navigation light
3S.CARNcairna heap of stones erected as a landmark or for other purposes
3S.ADMFadministrative facilitya government building
3S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
3S.PSHhydroelectric power stationa building where electricity is generated from water power
3S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
2S.ASYLasyluma facility where the insane are cared for and protected
2S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
2S.BANKbankA business establishment in which money is kept for saving or commercial purposes or is invested, supplied for loans, or exchanged.
2S.THTRtheaterA building, room, or outdoor structure for the presentation of plays, films, or other dramatic performances
2S.MFGfactoryone or more buildings where goods are manufactured, processed or fabricated
2S.MFGQabandoned factory
2S.MALLmallA large, often enclosed shopping complex containing various stores, businesses, and restaurants usually accessible by common passageways.
2S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
1S.AGRFagricultural facilitya building and/or tract of land used for improving agriculture
1S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
1S.BRKWbreakwatera structure erected to break the force of waves at the entrance to a harbor or port
1S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
1S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
1S.DPOFfuel depotan area where fuel is stored
1S.FYferrya boat or other floating conveyance and terminal facilities regularly used to transport people and vehicles across a waterbody
1S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
1S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
1S.PRNprisona facility for confining prisoners
1S.LIBRlibraryA place in which information resources such as books are kept for reading, reference, or lending.
1S.PIERpiera structure built out into navigable water on piles providing berthing for ships and recreation
1S.OPRAopera houseA theater designed chiefly for the performance of operas.
1S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
1S.RETstorea building where goods and/or services are offered for sale
5.554 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
1.176T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
1.064T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
775T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
664T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
361T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
290T.SLPslope(s)a surface with a relatively uniform slope angle
278T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
244T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
156T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
147T.LAVAlava areaan area of solidified lava
137T.RKSrocksconspicuous, isolated rocky masses
128T.CLFcliff(s)a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area
128T.PASSpassa break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap]
118T.GRGEgorge(s)a short, narrow, steep-sided section of a stream valley
100T.SPURspur(s)a subordinate ridge projecting outward from a hill, mountain or other elevation
98T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
83T.HDLDheadlanda high projection of land extending into a large body of water beyond the line of the coast
79T.PROMpromontory(-ies)a bluff or prominent hill overlooking or projecting into a lowland
78T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
60T.ISLSislandstracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
45T.SANDsand areaa tract of land covered with sand
40T.FORDforda shallow part of a stream which can be crossed on foot or by land vehicle
34T.SPITspita narrow, straight or curved continuation of a beach into a waterbody
30T.PENpeninsulaan elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water
28T.PLNplain(s)an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area
22T.UPLDuplandan extensive interior region of high land with low to moderate surface relief
19T.BCHbeacha shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
17T.FSRfissurea crack associated with volcanism
15T.CRTRcrater(s)a generally circular saucer or bowl-shaped depression caused by volcanic or meteorite explosive action
12T.SDLsaddlea broad, open pass crossing a ridge or between hills or mountains
12T.SHORshorea narrow zone bordering a waterbody which covers and uncovers at high and low water, respectively
8T.CRQcirquea bowl-like hollow partially surrounded by cliffs or steep slopes at the head of a glaciated valley
7T.VLCvolcanoa conical elevation composed of volcanic materials with a crater at the top
6T.CAPEcapea land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction
4T.CFTcleft(s)a deep narrow slot, notch, or groove in a coastal cliff
4T.BARbara shallow ridge or mound of coarse unconsolidated material in a stream channel, at the mouth of a stream, estuary, or lagoon and in the wave-break zone along coasts
4T.DUNEdune(s)a wave form, ridge or star shape feature composed of sand
4T.NTKnunataka rock or mountain peak protruding through glacial ice
4T.MRNmorainea mound, ridge, or other accumulation of glacial till
3T.BLDRboulder fielda high altitude or high latitude bare, flat area covered with large angular rocks
2T.ISLETisletsmall island, bigger than rock, smaller than island.
2T.ISLXsection of island
1T.PLATplateauan elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams
1T.CLDAcalderaa depression measuring kilometers across formed by the collapse of a volcanic mountain
1T.CONEcone(s)a conical landform composed of mud or volcanic material
6.489 Total for T
Undersea Features (undersea)
30U.VALUvalleya relatively shallow, wide depression, the bottom of which usually has a continuous gradient
6U.SLPUslopethe slope seaward from the shelf edge to the beginning of a continental rise or the point where there is a general reduction in slope
36 Total for U
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
258V.HTHheathan upland moor or sandy area dominated by low shrubby vegetation including heather
30V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
1V.TREEtree(s)a conspicuous tree used as a landmark
289 Total for V

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