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Feature Statistic Colombia

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
1.122A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
33A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
1A.ADM2Hhistorical second-order administrative divisiona former second-order administrative division
1A.ADMDadministrative divisionan administrative division of a country, undifferentiated as to administrative level
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
1.159 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
15.502H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
2.373H.STMIintermittent stream
1.156H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
178H.LGNlagoona shallow coastal waterbody, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
144H.RPDSrapidsa turbulent section of a stream associated with a steep, irregular stream bed
118H.STMAanabrancha diverging branch flowing out of a main stream and rejoining it downstream
117H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
86H.STMMstream mouth(s)a place where a stream discharges into a lagoon, lake, or the sea
85H.BAYbaya coastal indentation between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
63H.COVEcove(s)a small coastal indentation, smaller than a bay
57H.WTLDwetlandan area subject to inundation, usually characterized by bog, marsh, or swamp vegetation
50H.SWMPswampa wetland dominated by tree vegetation
43H.INLTinleta narrow waterway extending into the land, or connecting a bay or lagoon with a larger body of water
42H.STMDdistributary(-ies)a branch which flows away from the main stream, as in a delta or irrigation canal
32H.LKSlakeslarge inland bodies of standing water
32H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
31H.ESTYestuarya funnel-shaped stream mouth or embayment where fresh water mixes with sea water under tidal influences
31H.WTRHwaterhole(s)a natural hole, hollow, or small depression that contains water, used by man and animals, especially in arid areas
27H.FLLSwaterfall(s)a perpendicular or very steep descent of the water of a stream
23H.WLLwella cylindrical hole, pit, or tunnel drilled or dug down to a depth from which water, oil, or gas can be pumped or brought to the surface
21H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
20H.MRSHmarsh(es)a wetland dominated by grass-like vegetation
17H.SHOLshoal(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
16H.LKOoxbow lakea crescent-shaped lake commonly found adjacent to meandering streams
9H.CHNMmarine channelthat part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable
7H.RFreef(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
7H.STMBstream benda conspicuously curved or bent segment of a stream
6H.BGHTbight(s)an open body of water forming a slight recession in a coastline
6H.CHNchannelthe deepest part of a stream, bay, lagoon, or strait, through which the main current flows
6H.CNLAaqueducta conduit used to carry water
4H.AIRSseaplane landing areaa place on a waterbody where floatplanes land and take off
4H.DTCHIirrigation ditcha ditch which serves to distribute irrigation water
4H.GULFgulfa large recess in the coastline, larger than a bay
4H.LKIintermittent lake
3H.RCHreacha straight section of a navigable stream or channel between two bends
2H.BNKbank(s)an elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for most surface navigation
2H.CRKTtidal creek(s)a meandering channel in a coastal wetland subject to bi-directional tidal currents
2H.PNDIintermittent pond
2H.PNDSFfishpondsponds or enclosures in which fish are kept or raised
2H.RVNravine(s)a small, narrow, deep, steep-sided stream channel, smaller than a gorge
2H.STMXsection of stream
1H.BNKRstream banka sloping margin of a stream channel which normally confines the stream to its channel on land
1H.CNFLconfluencea place where two or more streams or intermittent streams flow together
1H.HBRharbor(s)a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships
1H.POOLpool(s)a small and comparatively still, deep part of a larger body of water such as a stream or harbor; or a small body of standing water
1H.RDSTroadsteadan open anchorage affording less protection than a harbor
1H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
1H.WHRLwhirlpoola turbulent, rotating movement of water in a stream
20.343 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
1.805L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
903L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
81L.RESVreservationa tract of land set aside for aboriginal, tribal, or native populations
71L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
9L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
8L.SALTsalt areaa shallow basin or flat where salt accumulates after periodic inundation
5L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
4L.RESNnature reservean area reserved for the maintenance of a natural habitat
2L.INDSindustrial areaan area characterized by industrial activity
1L.AMUSamusement parkAmusement Park are theme parks, adventure parks offering entertainment, similar to funfairs but with a fix location
1L.BSNDdrainage basinan area drained by a stream
1L.CTRBbusiness centera place where a number of businesses are located
1L.DEVHhousing developmenta tract of land on which many houses of similar design are built according to a development plan
1L.GASFgasfieldan area containing a subterranean store of natural gas of economic value
1L.OILFoilfieldan area containing a subterranean store of petroleum of economic value
1L.RESreservea tract of public land reserved for future use or restricted as to use
1L.RGNHhistorical regiona former historic area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
2.896 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
29.789P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
1.515P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
1.189P.PPLXsection of populated place
31P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
17P.PPLA2seat of a second-order administrative division
4P.PPLWdestroyed populated placea village, town or city destroyed by a natural disaster, or by war
2P.PPLFfarm villagea populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
1P.PPLA3seat of a third-order administrative division
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
1P.PPLHhistorical populated placea populated place that no longer exists
1P.PPLQabandoned populated place
32.551 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
5R.OILPoil pipelinea pipeline used for transporting oil
5R.RRrailroada permanent twin steel-rail track on which freight and passenger cars move long distances
2R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
2R.RDJCTroad junctiona place where two or more roads join
2R.TNLtunnela subterranean passageway for transportation
1R.RDBroad benda conspicuously curved or bent section of a road
1R.TRLtraila path, track, or route used by pedestrians, animals, or off-road vehicles
18 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
5.068S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
1.424S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
1.205S.RNCHranch(es)a large farm specializing in extensive grazing of livestock
810S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
466S.AIRFairfielda place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
198S.ESTestate(s)a large commercialized agricultural landholding with associated buildings and other facilities
133S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
115S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
85S.TRIGtriangulation stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by triangulation
56S.CHchurcha building for public Christian worship
26S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
24S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
23S.SCHCcollegethe grounds and buildings of an institution of higher learning
22S.AIRQabandoned airfield
18S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
17S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
15S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
15S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
15S.MNmine(s)a site where mineral ores are extracted from the ground by excavating surface pits and subterranean passages
14S.MLmill(s)a building housing machines for transforming, shaping, finishing, grinding, or extracting products
11S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
11S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
10S.HSPCclinica medical facility associated with a hospital for outpatients
10S.MALLmallA large, often enclosed shopping complex containing various stores, businesses, and restaurants usually accessible by common passageways.
10S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
9S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
8S.AIRHheliporta place where helicopters land and take off
7S.AGRFagricultural facilitya building and/or tract of land used for improving agriculture
7S.INSMmilitary installationa facility for use of and control by armed forces
7S.RSTPrailroad stopa place lacking station facilities where trains stop to pick up and unload passengers and freight
7S.TRMOoil pipeline terminala tank farm or loading facility at the end of an oil pipeline
6S.MFGfactoryone or more buildings where goods are manufactured, processed or fabricated
6S.SQRsquarea broad, open, public area near the center of a town or city
5S.ATHFathletic fielda tract of land used for playing team sports, and athletic track and field events
5S.CTRRreligious centera facility where more than one religious activity is carried out, e.g., retreat, school, monastery, worship
5S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
5S.FTforta defensive structure or earthworks
5S.MARmarinaa harbor facility for small boats, yachts, etc.
4S.AIRBairbasean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for air force personnel, hangars and runways for aircraft, and from which operations are initiated
4S.PPpolice posta building in which police are stationed
4S.ZOOzooa zoological garden or park where wild animals are kept for exhibition
3S.LIBRlibraryA place in which information resources such as books are kept for reading, reference, or lending.
3S.MLWNDwindmilla mill or water pump powered by wind
3S.MSTYmonasterya building and grounds where a community of monks lives in seclusion
3S.PMPOoil pumping stationa facility for pumping oil through a pipeline
3S.PRNprisona facility for confining prisoners
3S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
3S.PSHhydroelectric power stationa building where electricity is generated from water power
3S.RECGgolf coursea recreation field where golf is played
2S.ADMFadministrative facilitya government building
2S.BPboundary markera fixture marking a point along a boundary
2S.COMCcommunication centera facility, including buildings, antennae, towers and electronic equipment for receiving and transmitting information
2S.DAMdama barrier constructed across a stream to impound water
2S.HSTShistorical sitea place of historical importance
2S.MKTmarketa place where goods are bought and sold at regular intervals
2S.MLSWsawmilla mill where logs or lumber are sawn to specified shapes and sizes
2S.MNMTmonumenta commemorative structure or statue
2S.MNNsalt mine(s)a mine from which salt is extracted
2S.RESTrestaurantA place where meals are served to the public
1S.ANSarchaeological/prehistoric sitea place where archeological remains, old structures, or cultural artifacts are located
1S.ARCHarcha natural or man-made structure in the form of an arch
1S.BUSTNbus stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading passengers
1S.CAVEcave(s)an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff
1S.CMPOoil campa camp used by oilfield workers
1S.CSNOcasinoa building used for entertainment, especially gambling
1S.CSTLcastlea large fortified building or set of buildings
1S.CTRMmedical centera complex of health care buildings including two or more of the following: hospital, medical school, clinic, pharmacy, doctor's offices, etc.
1S.CVNTconventa building where a community of nuns lives in seclusion
1S.DIPdiplomatic facilityoffice, residence, or facility of a foreign government, which may include an embassy, consulate, chancery, office of charge d'affaires, or other diplomatic, economic, military, or cultural mission
1S.DPOFfuel depotan area where fuel is stored
1S.GDNgarden(s)an enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life
1S.GRVEgravea burial site
1S.HUThuta small primitive house
1S.ITTRresearch institutea facility where research is carried out
1S.MSSNmissiona place characterized by dwellings, school, church, hospital and other facilities operated by a religious group for the purpose of providing charitable services and to propagate religion
1S.OILRoil refinerya facility for converting crude oil into refined petroleum products
1S.OILWoil wella well from which oil may be pumped
1S.PIERpiera structure built out into navigable water on piles providing berthing for ships and recreation
1S.PMPWwater pumping stationa facility for pumping water from a major well or through a pipeline
1S.PRNJreformatorya facility for confining, training, and reforming young law offenders
1S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
1S.SCHLlanguage schoolLanguage Schools & Institutions
1S.SCHMmilitary schoola school at which military science forms the core of the curriculum
1S.SCHTtechnical schoolpost-secondary school with a specifically technical or vocational curriculum
1S.SPAspaa resort area usually developed around a medicinal spring
1S.STNBscientific research basea scientific facility used as a base from which research is carried out or monitored
1S.STNFforest stationa collection of buildings and facilities for carrying out forest management
1S.TOWRtowera high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter
1S.VETFveterinary facilitya building or camp at which veterinary services are available
1S.WHRFwharf(-ves)a structure of open rather than solid construction along a shore or a bank which provides berthing for ships and cargo-handling facilities
9.970 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
2.118T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
1.330T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
1.256T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
544T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
431T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
194T.PLNplain(s)an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area
189T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
134T.UPLDuplandan extensive interior region of high land with low to moderate surface relief
132T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
78T.SPURspur(s)a subordinate ridge projecting outward from a hill, mountain or other elevation
47T.BCHbeacha shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
38T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
24T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
20T.MESAmesa(s)a flat-topped, isolated elevation with steep slopes on all sides, less extensive than a plateau
17T.ISLSislandstracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
10T.CLFcliff(s)a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area
9T.DPRdepression(s)a low area surrounded by higher land and usually characterized by interior drainage
9T.HDLDheadlanda high projection of land extending into a large body of water beyond the line of the coast
9T.PASSpassa break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap]
7T.RKSrocksconspicuous, isolated rocky masses
7T.VLCvolcanoa conical elevation composed of volcanic materials with a crater at the top
6T.CNYNcanyona deep, narrow valley with steep sides cutting into a plateau or mountainous area
5T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
4T.PENpeninsulaan elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water
3T.CONEcone(s)a conical landform composed of mud or volcanic material
3T.DLTAdeltaa flat plain formed by alluvial deposits at the mouth of a stream
2T.DSRTdeserta large area with little or no vegetation due to extreme environmental conditions
2T.DVDdividea line separating adjacent drainage basins
2T.SLPslope(s)a surface with a relatively uniform slope angle
1T.BLHLblowhole(s)a hole in coastal rock through which sea water is forced by a rising tide or waves and spurted through an outlet into the air
1T.CAPEcapea land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction
1T.INTFinterfluvea relatively undissected upland between adjacent stream valleys
1T.PLATplateauan elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams
1T.PROMpromontory(-ies)a bluff or prominent hill overlooking or projecting into a lowland
6.635 Total for T
Undersea Features (undersea)
1U.RDGUridgea long narrow elevation with steep sides
1 Total for U
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
145V.GRSLDgrasslandan area dominated by grass vegetation
9V.MDWmeadowa small, poorly drained area dominated by grassy vegetation
8V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
2V.CULTcultivated areaan area under cultivation
164 Total for V

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