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Feature Statistic Australia

Num. NamesFeature ClassFeature CodeFeature Description
Administrative Boundary Features (country, state, region,...)
559A.ADM2second-order administrative divisiona subdivision of a first-order administrative division
130A.ADMDadministrative divisionan administrative division of a country, undifferentiated as to administrative level
8A.ADM1first-order administrative divisiona primary administrative division of a country, such as a state in the United States
1A.PCLIindependent political entity
701 Total for A
Hydrographic Features (stream, lake, ...)
23.503H.WLLwella cylindrical hole, pit, or tunnel drilled or dug down to a depth from which water, oil, or gas can be pumped or brought to the surface
14.334H.STMstreama body of running water moving to a lower level in a channel on land
3.799H.LKlakea large inland body of standing water
2.749H.BAYbaya coastal indentation between two capes or headlands, larger than a cove but smaller than a gulf
1.310H.WTRHwaterhole(s)a natural hole, hollow, or small depression that contains water, used by man and animals, especially in arid areas
1.002H.RFreef(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
986H.POOLpool(s)a small and comparatively still, deep part of a larger body of water such as a stream or harbor; or a small body of standing water
933H.RSVTwater tanka contained pool or tank of water at, below, or above ground level
664H.LGNlagoona shallow coastal waterbody, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
599H.SPNGspring(s)a place where ground water flows naturally out of the ground
444H.SHOLshoal(s)a surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
434H.SWMPswampa wetland dominated by tree vegetation
331H.BNKbank(s)an elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for most surface navigation
263H.CHNchannelthe deepest part of a stream, bay, lagoon, or strait, through which the main current flows
225H.WTLDIintermittent wetland
181H.INLTinleta narrow waterway extending into the land, or connecting a bay or lagoon with a larger body of water
168H.RSVreservoir(s)an artificial pond or lake
167H.COVEcove(s)a small coastal indentation, smaller than a bay
92H.PNDponda small standing waterbody
84H.FLLSwaterfall(s)a perpendicular or very steep descent of the water of a stream
83H.CHNMmarine channelthat part of a body of water deep enough for navigation through an area otherwise not suitable
72H.ANCHanchoragean area where vessels may anchor
66H.HBRharbor(s)a haven or space of deep water so sheltered by the adjacent land as to afford a safe anchorage for ships
38H.RCHreacha straight section of a navigable stream or channel between two bends
32H.BNKRstream banka sloping margin of a stream channel which normally confines the stream to its channel on land
31H.STRTstraita relatively narrow waterway, usually narrower and less extensive than a sound, connecting two larger bodies of water
29H.CHNNnavigation channela buoyed channel of sufficient depth for the safe navigation of vessels
25H.MRSHmarsh(es)a wetland dominated by grass-like vegetation
23H.LKSlakeslarge inland bodies of standing water
22H.FLTMmud flat(s)a relatively level area of mud either between high and low tide lines, or subject to flooding
21H.BGHTbight(s)an open body of water forming a slight recession in a coastline
16H.CNLcanalan artificial watercourse
16H.ESTYestuarya funnel-shaped stream mouth or embayment where fresh water mixes with sea water under tidal influences
14H.FLTTtidal flat(s)a large flat area of mud or sand attached to the shore and alternately covered and uncovered by the tide
14H.LKIintermittent lake
14H.SDsounda long arm of the sea forming a channel between the mainland and an island or islands; or connecting two larger bodies of water
13H.RDSTroadsteadan open anchorage affording less protection than a harbor
12H.STMXsection of stream
10H.STMMstream mouth(s)a place where a stream discharges into a lagoon, lake, or the sea
9H.GULFgulfa large recess in the coastline, larger than a bay
8H.WLLQabandoned well
8H.WTLDwetlandan area subject to inundation, usually characterized by bog, marsh, or swamp vegetation
7H.LBEDlake bed(s)a dried up or drained area of a former lake
6H.RVNravine(s)a small, narrow, deep, steep-sided stream channel, smaller than a gorge
6H.STMBstream benda conspicuously curved or bent segment of a stream
6H.STMIintermittent stream
4H.CNFLconfluencea place where two or more streams or intermittent streams flow together
4H.DCKdock(s)a waterway between two piers, or cut into the land for the berthing of ships
3H.CRKTtidal creek(s)a meandering channel in a coastal wetland subject to bi-directional tidal currents
3H.STMAanabrancha diverging branch flowing out of a main stream and rejoining it downstream
3H.STMHheadwatersthe source and upper part of a stream, including the upper drainage basin
3H.WLLSwellscylindrical holes, pits, or tunnels drilled or dug down to a depth from which water, oil, or gas can be pumped or brought to the surface
2H.HBRXsection of harbor
2H.NRWSnarrowsa navigable narrow part of a bay, strait, river, etc.
2H.RFXsection of reef
2H.SEAseaa large body of salt water more or less confined by continuous land or chains of islands forming a subdivision of an ocean
1H.AIRSseaplane landing areaa place on a waterbody where floatplanes land and take off
1H.DCKBdocking basina part of a harbor where ships dock
1H.LGNSlagoonsshallow coastal waterbodies, completely or partly separated from a larger body of water by a barrier island, coral reef or other depositional feature
1H.LKNsalt lakean inland body of salt water with no outlet
1H.MRSHNsalt marsha flat area, subject to periodic salt water inundation, dominated by grassy salt-tolerant plants
1H.OVFoverfallsan area of breaking waves caused by the meeting of currents or by waves moving against the current
1H.PNDSpondssmall standing waterbodies
1H.RPDSrapidsa turbulent section of a stream associated with a steep, irregular stream bed
1H.SBKHsabkha(s)a salt flat or salt encrusted plain subject to periodic inundation from flooding or high tides
1H.STMDdistributary(-ies)a branch which flows away from the main stream, as in a delta or irrigation canal
1H.STMQabandoned watercoursea former stream or distributary no longer carrying flowing water, but still evident due to lakes, wetland, topographic or vegetation patterns
1H.WADwadia valley or ravine, bounded by relatively steep banks, which in the rainy season becomes a watercourse; found primarily in North Africa and the Middle East
1H.WADJwadi junctiona place where two or more wadies join
52.910 Total for H
Area Features (parks,area, ...)
8.356L.PRKparkan area, often of forested land, maintained as a place of beauty, or for recreation
6.008L.RESreservea tract of public land reserved for future use or restricted as to use
154L.LCTYlocalitya minor area or place of unspecified or mixed character and indefinite boundaries
71L.RESNnature reservean area reserved for the maintenance of a natural habitat
44L.GASFgasfieldan area containing a subterranean store of natural gas of economic value
26L.AREAareaa tract of land without homogeneous character or boundaries
22L.RGNregionan area distinguished by one or more observable physical or cultural characteristics
20L.PRTporta place provided with terminal and transfer facilities for loading and discharging waterborne cargo or passengers, usually located in a harbor
18L.RESFforest reservea forested area set aside for preservation or controlled use
12L.MNAmining areaan area of mine sites where minerals and ores are extracted
6L.OILFoilfieldan area containing a subterranean store of petroleum of economic value
6L.RESWwildlife reservea tract of public land reserved for the preservation of wildlife
5L.CLGclearingan area in a forest with trees removed
4L.SALTsalt areaa shallow basin or flat where salt accumulates after periodic inundation
3L.AMUSamusement parkAmusement Park are theme parks, adventure parks offering entertainment, similar to funfairs but with a fix location
3L.FLDfield(s)an open as opposed to wooded area
2L.BSNDdrainage basinan area drained by a stream
1L.CSTcoasta zone of variable width straddling the shoreline
1L.CTRBbusiness centera place where a number of businesses are located
1L.RESAagricultural reservea tract of land reserved for agricultural reclamation and/or development
1L.RGNEeconomic regiona region of a country established for economic development or for statistical purposes
1L.SNOWsnowfieldan area of permanent snow and ice forming the accumulation area of a glacier
1L.TRBtribal areaa tract of land used by nomadic or other tribes
14.767 Total for L
Populated Place Features (city, village,...)
11.226P.PPLpopulated placea city, town, village, or other agglomeration of buildings where people live and work
4.311P.PPLXsection of populated place
60P.PPLLpopulated localityan area similar to a locality but with a small group of dwellings or other buildings
20P.PPLQabandoned populated place
10P.PPLA2seat of a second-order administrative division
7P.PPLAseat of a first-order administrative divisionseat of a first-order administrative division (PPLC takes precedence over PPLA)
4P.PPLA3seat of a third-order administrative division
4P.PPLHhistorical populated placea populated place that no longer exists
1P.PPLCcapital of a political entity
1P.PPLFfarm villagea populated place where the population is largely engaged in agricultural activities
1P.PPLSpopulated placescities, towns, villages, or other agglomerations of buildings where people live and work
15.645 Total for P
Road / Railroad Features (road, railroad )
908R.STstreeta paved urban thoroughfare
183R.RDroadan open way with improved surface for transportation of animals, people and vehicles
26R.TRLtraila path, track, or route used by pedestrians, animals, or off-road vehicles
5R.RRrailroada permanent twin steel-rail track on which freight and passenger cars move long distances
3R.RDJCTroad junctiona place where two or more roads join
2R.CSWYcausewaya raised roadway across wet ground or shallow water
1R.RDBroad benda conspicuously curved or bent section of a road
1R.RJCTrailroad junctiona place where two or more railroad tracks join
1R.RYDrailroad yarda system of tracks used for the making up of trains, and switching and storing freight cars
1R.STKRstock routea route taken by livestock herds
1R.TNLtunnela subterranean passageway for transportation
1.132 Total for R
Spot Features (spot, building, farm)
49.403S.HMSDhomesteada residence, owner's or manager's, on a sheep or cattle station, woolshed, outcamp, or Aboriginal outstation, specific to Australia and New Zealand
7.745S.SCHschoolbuilding(s) where instruction in one or more branches of knowledge takes place
6.877S.DAMdama barrier constructed across a stream to impound water
4.212S.RSTNrailroad stationa facility comprising ticket office, platforms, etc. for loading and unloading train passengers and freight
3.978S.FRMfarma tract of land with associated buildings devoted to agriculture
3.836S.HTLhotela building providing lodging and/or meals for the public
2.149S.MNmine(s)a site where mineral ores are extracted from the ground by excavating surface pits and subterranean passages
1.566S.BDGbridgea structure erected across an obstacle such as a stream, road, etc., in order to carry roads, railroads, and pedestrians across
695S.POpost officea public building in which mail is received, sorted and distributed
656S.AIRPairporta place where aircraft regularly land and take off, with runways, navigational aids, and major facilities for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
564S.CMTYcemeterya burial place or ground
460S.RECGgolf coursea recreation field where golf is played
391S.SCHCcollegethe grounds and buildings of an institution of higher learning
383S.RSDrailroad sidinga short track parallel to and joining the main track
338S.AIRFairfielda place on land where aircraft land and take off; no facilities provided for the commercial handling of passengers and cargo
261S.LDNGlandinga place where boats receive or discharge passengers and freight, but lacking most port facilities
168S.WHRFwharf(-ves)a structure of open rather than solid construction along a shore or a bank which provides berthing for ships and cargo-handling facilities
161S.ATHFathletic fielda tract of land used for playing team sports, and athletic track and field events
116S.GDNgarden(s)an enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life
109S.ESTestate(s)a large commercialized agricultural landholding with associated buildings and other facilities
92S.JTYjettya structure built out into the water at a river mouth or harbor entrance to regulate currents and silting
85S.RECRracetracka track where races are held
68S.HSTShistorical sitea place of historical importance
67S.CMPcamp(s)a site occupied by tents, huts, or other shelters for temporary use
62S.RNCHranch(es)a large farm specializing in extensive grazing of livestock
44S.CAVEcave(s)an underground passageway or chamber, or cavity on the side of a cliff
43S.PIERpiera structure built out into navigable water on piles providing berthing for ships and recreation
35S.MSSNmissiona place characterized by dwellings, school, church, hospital and other facilities operated by a religious group for the purpose of providing charitable services and to propagate religion
29S.CHchurcha building for public Christian worship
28S.MUSmuseuma building where objects of permanent interest in one or more of the arts and sciences are preserved and exhibited
26S.BLDGbuilding(s)a structure built for permanent use, as a house, factory, etc.
26S.TOWRtowera high conspicuous structure, typically much higher than its diameter
23S.PSpower stationa facility for generating electric power
18S.HSPhospitala building in which sick or injured, especially those confined to bed, are medically treated
14S.STDMstadiuma structure with an enclosure for athletic games with tiers of seats for spectators
13S.BCNbeacona fixed artificial navigation mark
13S.FCLfacilitya building or buildings housing a center, institute, foundation, hospital, prison, mission, courthouse, etc.
13S.RSRTresorta specialized facility for vacation, health, or participation sports activities
12S.STNMmeteorological stationa station at which weather elements are recorded
11S.FRMQabandoned farm
11S.MNMTmonumenta commemorative structure or statue
10S.LTHSElighthousea distinctive structure exhibiting a major navigation light
9S.COMCcommunication centera facility, including buildings, antennae, towers and electronic equipment for receiving and transmitting information
9S.MALLmallA large, often enclosed shopping complex containing various stores, businesses, and restaurants usually accessible by common passageways.
9S.MARmarinaa harbor facility for small boats, yachts, etc.
8S.CTRCMcommunity centera facility for community recreation and other activities
8S.RUINruin(s)a destroyed or decayed structure which is no longer functional
7S.AIRHheliporta place where helicopters land and take off
7S.AIRQabandoned airfield
7S.MNQRquarry(-ies)a surface mine where building stone or gravel and sand, etc. are extracted
7S.OBPTobservation pointa wildlife or scenic observation point
7S.SQRsquarea broad, open, public area near the center of a town or city
6S.MTROmetro stationmetro station (Underground, Tube, or Metro)
6S.QUAYquaya structure of solid construction along a shore or bank which provides berthing for ships and which generally provides cargo handling facilities
6S.RSTNQabandoned railroad station
6S.WALLwalla thick masonry structure, usually enclosing a field or building, or forming the side of a structure
6S.ZOOzooa zoological garden or park where wild animals are kept for exhibition
5S.ADMFadministrative facilitya government building
4S.BRKWbreakwatera structure erected to break the force of waves at the entrance to a harbor or port
4S.FYferrya boat or other floating conveyance and terminal facilities regularly used to transport people and vehicles across a waterbody
4S.MLmill(s)a building housing machines for transforming, shaping, finishing, grinding, or extracting products
4S.MNQabandoned mine
4S.OILRoil refinerya facility for converting crude oil into refined petroleum products
4S.RHSEresthousea structure maintained for the rest and shelter of travelers
4S.UNIVuniversityAn institution for higher learning with teaching and research facilities constituting a graduate school and professional schools that award master's degrees and doctorates and an undergraduate division that awards bachelor's degrees.
4S.WRCKwreckthe site of the remains of a wrecked vessel
3S.CARNcairna heap of stones erected as a landmark or for other purposes
3S.CSNOcasinoa building used for entertainment, especially gambling
3S.GHSEguest housea house used to provide lodging for paying guests
3S.HSEhouse(s)a building used as a human habitation
3S.MFGBbreweryone or more buildings where beer is brewed
3S.RESTrestaurantA place where meals are served to the public
3S.RSTPrailroad stopa place lacking station facilities where trains stop to pick up and unload passengers and freight
3S.THTRtheaterA building, room, or outdoor structure for the presentation of plays, films, or other dramatic performances
3S.WEIRweir(s)a small dam in a stream, designed to raise the water level or to divert stream flow through a desired channel
2S.AIRBairbasean area used to store supplies, provide barracks for air force personnel, hangars and runways for aircraft, and from which operations are initiated
2S.AMTHamphitheateran oval or circular structure with rising tiers of seats about a stage or open space
2S.BLDOoffice buildingcommercial building where business and/or services are conducted
2S.GOSPgas-oil separator planta facility for separating gas from oil
2S.HUThuta small primitive house
2S.MKTmarketa place where goods are bought and sold at regular intervals
2S.MNCcoal mine(s)a mine where coal is extracted
2S.OBSobservatorya facility equipped for observation of atmospheric or space phenomena
2S.PPpolice posta building in which police are stationed
2S.PRNprisona facility for confining prisoners
2S.SCHAagricultural schoola school with a curriculum focused on agriculture
2S.STPSstepsstones or slabs placed for ease in ascending or descending a steep slope
2S.TRMOoil pipeline terminala tank farm or loading facility at the end of an oil pipeline
1S.AGRFagricultural facilitya building and/or tract of land used for improving agriculture
1S.BANKbankA business establishment in which money is kept for saving or commercial purposes or is invested, supplied for loans, or exchanged.
1S.BPboundary markera fixture marking a point along a boundary
1S.BUSTPbus stopa place lacking station facilities
1S.CMPMNmining campa camp used by miners
1S.CTRMmedical centera complex of health care buildings including two or more of the following: hospital, medical school, clinic, pharmacy, doctor's offices, etc.
1S.DARYdairya facility for the processing, sale and distribution of milk or milk products
1S.HLThalting placea place where caravans stop for rest
1S.HSPDdispensarya building where medical or dental aid is dispensed
1S.INSMmilitary installationa facility for use of and control by armed forces
1S.ITTRresearch institutea facility where research is carried out
1S.MNAUgold mine(s)a mine where gold ore, or alluvial gold is extracted
1S.MNCUcopper mine(s)a mine where copper ore is extracted
1S.OILWoil wella well from which oil may be pumped
1S.OPRAopera houseA theater designed chiefly for the performance of operas.
1S.PMPWwater pumping stationa facility for pumping water from a major well or through a pipeline
1S.RSTPQabandoned railroad stop
1S.SHRNshrinea structure or place memorializing a person or religious concept
1S.STBLstablea building for the shelter and feeding of farm animals, especially horses
1S.STNBscientific research basea scientific facility used as a base from which research is carried out or monitored
1S.SWTsewage treatment plantfacility for the processing of sewage and/or wastewater
1S.TRIGtriangulation stationa point on the earth whose position has been determined by triangulation
85.034 Total for S
Hypsographic Features (mountain,hill,rock,... )
9.752T.HLLhilla rounded elevation of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
9.130T.MTmountainan elevation standing high above the surrounding area with small summit area, steep slopes and local relief of 300m or more
4.345T.ISLislanda tract of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
2.164T.PTpointa tapering piece of land projecting into a body of water, less prominent than a cape
1.962T.BCHbeacha shore zone of coarse unconsolidated sediment that extends from the low-water line to the highest reach of storm waves
1.257T.RKrocka conspicuous, isolated rocky mass
937T.MTSmountainsa mountain range or a group of mountains or high ridges
537T.PKpeaka pointed elevation atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic feature
372T.HLLShillsrounded elevations of limited extent rising above the surrounding land with local relief of less than 300m
344T.ISLSislandstracts of land, smaller than a continent, surrounded by water at high water
307T.RKSrocksconspicuous, isolated rocky masses
279T.CAPEcapea land area, more prominent than a point, projecting into the sea and marking a notable change in coastal direction
240T.CLFcliff(s)a high, steep to perpendicular slope overlooking a waterbody or lower area
198T.HDLDheadlanda high projection of land extending into a large body of water beyond the line of the coast
178T.PASSpassa break in a mountain range or other high obstruction, used for transportation from one side to the other [See also gap]
105T.PLNplain(s)an extensive area of comparatively level to gently undulating land, lacking surface irregularities, and usually adjacent to a higher area
63T.GRGEgorge(s)a short, narrow, steep-sided section of a stream valley
57T.RDGEridge(s)a long narrow elevation with steep sides, and a more or less continuous crest
51T.PENpeninsulaan elongate area of land projecting into a body of water and nearly surrounded by water
38T.SPITspita narrow, straight or curved continuation of a beach into a waterbody
36T.FORDforda shallow part of a stream which can be crossed on foot or by land vehicle
35T.PANpana near-level shallow, natural depression or basin, usually containing an intermittent lake, pond, or pool
35T.VALvalleyan elongated depression usually traversed by a stream
22T.UPLDuplandan extensive interior region of high land with low to moderate surface relief
16T.DSRTdeserta large area with little or no vegetation due to extreme environmental conditions
12T.PLATplateauan elevated plain with steep slopes on one or more sides, and often with incised streams
11T.PKSpeakspointed elevations atop a mountain, ridge, or other hypsographic features
9T.BARbara shallow ridge or mound of coarse unconsolidated material in a stream channel, at the mouth of a stream, estuary, or lagoon and in the wave-break zone along coasts
8T.GAPgapa low place in a ridge, not used for transportation
7T.DUNEdune(s)a wave form, ridge or star shape feature composed of sand
6T.ATOLatoll(s)a ring-shaped coral reef which has closely spaced islands on it encircling a lagoon
6T.DPRdepression(s)a low area surrounded by higher land and usually characterized by interior drainage
6T.ISTHisthmusa narrow strip of land connecting two larger land masses and bordered by water
6T.SCRPescarpmenta long line of cliffs or steep slopes separating level surfaces above and below
5T.SPURspur(s)a subordinate ridge projecting outward from a hill, mountain or other elevation
4T.BUTEbutte(s)a small, isolated, usually flat-topped hill with steep sides
4T.CRTRcrater(s)a generally circular saucer or bowl-shaped depression caused by volcanic or meteorite explosive action
3T.CNYNcanyona deep, narrow valley with steep sides cutting into a plateau or mountainous area
3T.ISLETisletsmall island, bigger than rock, smaller than island.
3T.MNDmound(s)a low, isolated, rounded hill
3T.PROMpromontory(-ies)a bluff or prominent hill overlooking or projecting into a lowland
2T.BLHLblowhole(s)a hole in coastal rock through which sea water is forced by a rising tide or waves and spurted through an outlet into the air
2T.HMDArock deserta relatively sand-free, high bedrock plateau in a hot desert, with or without a gravel veneer
2T.ISLXsection of island
2T.SANDsand areaa tract of land covered with sand
2T.SBEDdry stream beda channel formerly containing the water of a stream
1T.BLDRboulder fielda high altitude or high latitude bare, flat area covered with large angular rocks
1T.BNCHbencha long, narrow bedrock platform bounded by steeper slopes above and below, usually overlooking a waterbody
1T.DVDdividea line separating adjacent drainage basins
1T.KRSTkarst areaa distinctive landscape developed on soluble rock such as limestone characterized by sinkholes, caves, disappearing streams, and underground drainage
1T.PLATXsection of plateau
1T.SHORshorea narrow zone bordering a waterbody which covers and uncovers at high and low water, respectively
1T.SINKsinkholea small crater-shape depression in a karst area
32.573 Total for T
Undersea Features (undersea)
38U.RFUreefa surface-navigation hazard composed of consolidated material
3U.RFSUreefssurface-navigation hazards composed of consolidated material
2U.BKSUbankselevations, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for safe surface navigation
2U.LDGUledgea rocky projection or outcrop, commonly linear and near shore
2U.SHLUshoala surface-navigation hazard composed of unconsolidated material
1U.APNUaprona gentle slope, with a generally smooth surface, particularly found around groups of islands and seamounts
1U.BNKUbankan elevation, typically located on a shelf, over which the depth of water is relatively shallow but sufficient for safe surface navigation
1U.FURUfurrowa closed, linear, narrow, shallow depression
1U.GAPUgapa narrow break in a ridge or rise
1U.HLSUhillselevations rising generally less than 500 meters
1U.KNLUknollan elevation rising generally more than 500 meters and less than 1,000 meters and of limited extent across the summit
1U.SHFUshelfa zone adjacent to a continent (or around an island) that extends from the low water line to a depth at which there is usually a marked increase of slope towards oceanic depths
54 Total for U
Vegetation Features (forest,heath,...)
41V.FRSTforest(s)an area dominated by tree vegetation
3V.VINvineyarda planting of grapevines
44 Total for V

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